commonly known as Bird Nest stadium or Beijing Olympic Stadium…this stadium is a real engineering marvel for us…great architecture here too…
– located in Olympic Green, Beijing, China (on a straight axis along with the Forbidden City and Tiannanmen Square). (refer to Google Earth and check it yourself)
– Designed and built basically for the beijing 2008 Summer Olympic Games and for future athletics sports or other events.
– Costs US$423 million, world largest steel construction.
– Designed by a Swiss architecture firm, Herxog and de Meuron in April 2003.
– Originated from the Chinese ceramics, implemented steel beams in order to hide supports for the retractable roof for the appearance of bird nest.
– later the design of retractable roof is removed after considering some recognizable aspect and to reduce budget.
– Ground breaking ceremony on 24rd December 2003.
– Official opening of the stadium on 28th June 2008.
– On 14th May 2008, the grass filed of 7811 square metres was laid in 24 hours.
– Was a joint venture among architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, project architect Stefan Marbach, artist Ai Weiwei, and CADG which was lead by chief architect, Li Xinggang from China.
– The basic design principles are being porous, collective building, a public vessel and a nest scheme.
– consists of two independent structures, standing 50 feet apart; a red concrete seating bowl and the outer steel frame around it.
– 24 trussed columns encase the inner bowl, each one weighing 1000 tonnes.
– Original seats capacity designed: 100 000.
– After removal of roof and simplification of design, the seats capacity becomes 91 000 for olympic.
– After the olympic, the seats is now reduced to 80 000.
– it is the world 21st largest stadium in terms of seats capacity (91 000)
– the farthest seat is 140 metres from the center field.
– temperature and air flow of every surface were optimized to increase ventilation.
– removal of retractable roof after incident of collapse of roof at Charles de Gaulle International Airport reduced the construction budget to US290 million from US$500 million.
– the structure is now lightened, which helped it to stand up to seismic activity.
-construction: 17 000 workers.
– 110 000 tonnes of steel made in China was used.
– considered as the most important public space in Beijing.
– hosted the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympic Games (opeing and closing ceremonies) as well as atheltics sports and football.
– famous quote by the chief architect of CADG, Li Xinggang:
” Why does a Chinese bowl or a Chinese window have this kind of pattern? Maybe the Chinese people like things to appear in this irregular way, but underneath there are very clear rules. The Bird’s Nest developed in this way”
huh..quite a lot of info regarding this stadium..i love this stadium..and i will be going to Beijing next Chinese New Year to see it myself…yeah! can’t wait for that day to come!