Wow…over 30 000 hits already!

Hurray! My blog has reached over 30 000 hits (views) from you all! Thanks for reading! More interesting posts will be seen here! Stay on this blog and I will keep you all update especially on information regarding architecture.

sorry, no real fireworks again! Haha, very expensive…so just put animation here….

Just for your information, this is my 120th post and has reached over 31 000 currently as of the time this post is created. My vision of getting my blog as global blog is getting nearer!

One more thing, I have posted some links which can be found from the right hand side of my blog page. These will link you to some accredited and famous websites, mainly on architecture. Remember to check these out!


Vincent Loy (The Administrator).


Architectural Oral Presentation and Development Progress

Architectural oral presentation , one more thing, this one is simple, what you have to do is:

1. Understand your own applied ideas in your design. Do not memorize.

2. Present with suitable tone, formal wear, good look, and with full confidence.

3. Answer questions that are being asked with full confidence too.

4. Have all the model and boards stand by while you are presenting. Use them as aid in your presentation.

5. Try to interact with the lecturers or clients when you are presenting. Do not make it so seriously sometime. Be interesting and again, be creative! You may use other visual aids too (like Microsoft Power Point, etc) to assist you in your presentation as well.

6. Inform clearly to the clients or lecturers your ideas, techniques, concepts, principles of design, relationship with each other, site context, development ideas, etc. Do not miss out any one.

7. Hand gesture is good. Try to show something more clearly through hands (no legs please) like ponting at some part of the model or presentation boards.

8. Always look at the clients or lecturers to convince them of your design. Do not be scared of looking at them. Always smile too.

9. Do not talk too long, just get rid of something not pretty related to your design. If not, your clients or lecturers will be getting bored too.

10. Always introduce yourself, then begin with introduction of your idea and design, then your presentation, then ending with smile and ‘thank you’. You may want to ask your client or lecturers whether they are enjoying your presentation or not.

Photo above are not mine. (Duno who are the persons there) – Just to show that presentation should be something like this. We can do better than this.


Actually, development progress is very important. This is the process where you develop your initial idea (usually not satisfying) to the final outcome of your design (the most satisfying one) after some amendments. This is always accompanied by sketches, prototype models, etc.  Show to your clients or lecturers how you progress too! For students, go for tutorials!

The two examples above are only for you to refer. Not owned by me. The last picture is showing the development in design of Petronas Twin Towers.


Well, after all the briefs here, I’m sure you will get a satisfying or even fantastic results from the one who will grade your works. If not, tell me! These are the essential parts in architectural outcomes.

Architectural Models…

On the previous post, I have written about architectural presentation boards, and now it’s the time for architectural models…

models usually attract people attention the most due to its 4D appearance and clarity of form in the model. People will always look at the models that are being displayed rather than the presentation boards, to be honest…and hence, it is very crucial to have a nice model too, eventhough you are not to be the future model maker.

Just follow the 20 brilliant ways suggested below:

1. Do not use a lot of materials especially of different colours into the model. Too many colours will destroy the formality of the design. Remember, people are focusing on the model form, not on the colours!

2. Cut properly and neatly. It is good to have accuracy, precision and consistency skills in cutting and building model. Use sharp cutter, scissor ,or any other cutting tools.

3. Use proper glue and suitable glue. Some types of glue are dedicated for sprecific purposes or materials. Do not use the improper one as it will ruin your whole model.

4. Avoid having your hands wet (don’t sweat when doing model) as the water from it will drop accidentally to your precious model, make sure your hands are clean and dry.

5. Don’t be panic. Don’t stress yourself when building model. Have fun on it and your final outcome will be very nice. Don’t scare yourself until your hands are shaking. If it is like this, then it will be very hard for you to continue.

6. Prepare all proper materials for your model making. Remember to have extra materials. Architecture is an expensive field. Try not to save too much in buying materials. Remember the quality and quantity.

7. Make yourself comfortable when doing model. Find a suitable place (on a table or floor), an area that does not disturb the others. Then, you will not be disturbed in return too while you can have better focus in your model making.

8. Detailings of the model have to be good and precisely done. Do not simply put something on it (eventhough detailing is small for some cases, lecturers or clients will look at it too). Hence, do properly on the detailings too.

9. Use small holder to hold certain tiny structure to be put into a small space of your model. Do not straightly use your hands. It iwll be very difficult and dangerous. Your hands are big, so use small holder.

10. It is always good to have sectional model (separated or together) to enable people to have a look at the interior of the model, to feel what the model will looks like when it is being cut off.

11. If your model had slight mistake, try to cover it up. For this one, you have to think yourself on the best way to cover the ugliness. Of course, you have to make sure that in the process of model making, your model is clean and neat.

12. Allocate sufficient time for your model making. Sometimes, model needs not only one day to be finished, depending on the scale of the project. Sometimes, it takes days and up to months. Manage your time properly.

13. No last minute work. Do not ever do your model at last minute. The final outcome would be quite disappointing. Have your final touch up at around this time only to make sure it is presentable on its submission.

14. Do not rush when doing your model. Slow and steady, then your model will very very good.

15. Remember the scale of your model must be the same or almost the same.

16. Try to make your model to be as ‘livable’ as possible. This is up to you to think about it in your model. Creativity comes here. However, no changing of design. You may enhance your model by some lightings, conditions, etc based on the needs of such things.

17. Your model is your precious work. Hence, keep it properly in a box (rigid) when it is not in use. Remember, take pictures of your models (front, rear, left, right, side, sectional, any views) before submitting. (in case if it is lost).

18. Include the site context (like contour, trees, background, etc) into your model. The site context will be directly on the base which will be larger than the model on top.

19. Try to insert some human and car replicas into your model so that people will know the real size of the model when it turns into reality.

20. Try to communicate with the lecturers or clients through the model. Try to make them understand your ideas based directly on the model. For this, you have to think about it too.

Some examples of architectural models:


Impressed by the works above, we can do better than these! These are the examples found from internet, and from different makers. These photos are only for you to refer, no copying of the whole model making.

Models and boards, are perfect combination of your outcome to the lecturers or clients.

Architectural Presentation Board…

since I am an architectural student, I would like to post some little and brief information regarding ways in creating effective architectural presentation boards.

Just follow the 20 brilliant ways below:

1. No background colour, preferably white, be plain because our focus is not on the striking background but rather on the content.

2. Use of less than 3 types of fonts, try to avoid using too many different sizes of words too to make it more formal, use fonts that are suitable (no curvy and must be easy to be understood).

3. Content (always begin with key plan to site plan and to plan (s) of the structure of your design, then elevations, sections, perspective, axonometric, isometric (sometime)).

4. Include development sketches, people love to read how you develop your idea and transform the first simple draft into final creative design in sketches.

5. Good skills in drawing manually – include rendering, shading and line weight skills to enhance the drawings and to put ‘life’ on your drawings as though it is real. Include the background and site context in drawings too. If you have drawing software and your lecturer asked you to use it, then use it. (if you know too).

6. Present your ideas in short but informative sentences (better in keywords and then you present your own ideas orally), no essays or paragraphs in presentation boards, people don’t love to read long words on boards.

7. Proper and systematic organization and composition of presentation boards, arrange all drawings, ideas (words), pictures, etc in term of its importance in the project.

8. The title should be clear that people will look at it first before going through your boards, remember no fancy colours too.

9. Remember to include your name on the boards too. If the boards are separated, then include your name on each board to show that it is your work. Be proud of your own masterpiece. Usually on bottom right hand corner of the board. It is better to have one long board rather than having separated ones.

10. Satisfy all the requirements set by your lecturers or clients. This is up to the demand of the one who will grade your work.

11. Pictures on the presentation boards should be clear and show clearly the aim of putting the pictures there too. However, pictures should not overwhelmed your overall boards. Drawings and sketches should be scanned into the file with accurate scale and with proper proportion.

12. Use the programme that you are comfortable with, that you know how to use efficiently on it in creating your boards – like Adobe Photoshop, Microsoft Word or Power Point (better to be the latest version, more functions). If you do not know, learn.

13. Never create all of your boards manually, no writing, no pasting, it will ruin it. If it is this way, the boards will look like collages rather than an efficient presentation boards.

14. Include your thinking (abstract) into the boards too, usually alongside with the main points (ideas) that you have stated on the boards. This will put you on top of others.

15. Provide some empty space to ‘free’ your boards. It is no good to have a board full of words, pictures, sketches, drawings squeezed together. If the lecturer limit you to certain number of boards, you can actually exceeds by one or two more, but don’t need to be too much. Remember, don’t include rubbish (non-related stuff) into your precious boards.

16. Neatness is important. After you have done your board and printed it out, do not fold them, put them in plastic folder and keep it safe till the day of submission. It is your valuable work, once destroyed, have to print again and waste money again.

17. Do not do your board at last minute work. It will totally ended up having a bad presentation boards. Try to manage your time, maybe today you will be doing on this part of boards, the other day on the others, and few more extra days for you to touch up and finalize your boards.

18. Be creative. This is the most important criteria for an architect. Try to show your creativity through the boards too, if you can. Remember, if you think you can, then you can!

19. Show which boards should come first if all your boards are separated – like Sheet One, Two, Three, …… Usually at bottom left hand corner of the boards. This will not confused your lecturers or clients as they are having look at these.

20. Try to communicate to the others (lecturers or clients or even friends) through the boards. Sound hard to get what I mean? This you have to think yourself. Your boards must attracts attention to all people (not through its striking colour, but through its content).


Any more comment or any other good ways in creating efficient presentation boards that you know, feel free to tell me about it…I would be very happy to hear your response..thanks…

By the time, I am sure that your presentation boards will be very impressive and get thumbs up by the lecturers or clients.

Remember, presentation boards are essential, it is part of architectural outcomes. Not only models, real structure built on site, drawings, presentation boards is the one that shows all in a creative way of composition of related information.

Some examples of presentation boards found from the internet:

The examples above are from different unknown authors, eventhough one of them, I know one lah…these are examples of pretty great works…take that as reference, not to copy, what you must see from these pictures are not their contents, but their composition and organization. We can do better than these!

It is actually very time consuming, but it is really fun to do presentation boards if you are really in love with architecture!

New York City-sized ice collapses off Antarctica!

Adapted from The Star Online News:

By Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent,

TROMSOE, Norway (Reuters) – An area of an Antarctic ice shelf almost the size of New York City has broken into icebergs this month after the collapse of an ice bridge widely blamed on global warming, a scientist said on Tuesday.

“The northern ice front of the Wilkins Ice Shelf has become unstable and the first icebergs have been released,” Angelika Humbert, glaciologist at the University of Muenster in Germany, said of European Space Agency satellite images of the shelf.

The picture below is from over a year ago: (Imagine the condition now)

Humbert told Reuters about 700 sq km (270.3 sq mile) of ice — bigger than Singapore or Bahrain and almost the size of New York City — has broken off the Wilkins this month and shattered into a mass of icebergs.

She said 370 sq kms of ice had cracked up in recent days from the Shelf, the latest of about 10 shelves on the Antarctic Peninsula to retreat in a trend linked by the U.N. Climate Panel to global warming.

The new icebergs added to 330 sq kms of ice that broke up earlier this month with the shattering of an ice bridge apparently pinning the Wilkins in place between Charcot island and the Antarctic Peninsula.

Nine other shelves — ice floating on the sea and linked to the coast — have receded or collapsed around the Antarctic peninsula in the past 50 years, often abruptly like the Larsen A in 1995 or the Larsen B in 2002.

The trend is widely blamed on climate change caused by heat-trapping gases from burning fossil fuels, according to David Vaughan, a British Antarctic Survey scientist who landed by plane on the Wilkins ice bridge with two Reuters reporters in January.

Humbert said by telephone her estimates were that the Wilkins could lose a total of 800 to 3,000 sq kms of area after the ice bridge shattered.

The Wilkins shelf has already shrunk by about a third from its original 16,000 sq kms when first spotted decades ago, its ice so thick would take at least hundreds of years to form.

Temperatures on the Antarctic Peninsula have warmed by up to 3 Celsius (5.4 Fahrenheit) this century, Vaughan said, a trend climate scientists blame on global warming from burning fossil fuels in cars, factories and power plants.

The loss of ice shelves does not raise sea levels significantly because the ice is floating and already mostly submerged by the ocean.

But the big worry is that their loss will allow ice sheets on land to move faster, adding extra water to the seas.

Wilkins has almost no pent-up glaciers behind it, but ice shelves further south hold back vast volumes of ice.

The Arctic Council, grouping nations with territory in the Arctic, is due to meet in Tromsoe, north Norway, on Wednesday to debate the impact of melting ice in the north.

— For Reuters latest environment blogs click on:


Save our world! Prevent global warming! Love our Earth! I do not want disasters like those from The Day After Tomorrow to happen! I think you all still remember the disasters’ scenes in the movie…it is no joke, take it seriously, it will happen in the future, maybe even more seriously, who knows?…………

Alert! Beware of swine flu!

Attention to all readers of my blog:

Beware and be careful of the recent outbreak of swine flu!

Started from Mexico, the virus spread deadly to United States of America as well as European countries, Brazil, Canada and even New Zealand.

The flu is a unique version of A/H1N1 virus that is combination of bird, pig and human viruses. It is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A strains of influenza virus. It do affects people when he or she is on close proximity or in contact with infected pigs or contaminated areas. Infected human can transfer to another human too.

Symptoms: regular flu, fever, lethargy, runny nose, coungh, sore throat, lack of appetite, vomitting, diarrhoea.

Eventhough swine influenza viruses are not transmitted through food, but  eating properly-handled and cooked pork is safe, cooking over 70 degree celsius of pork will kill the viruses.

A photo of the swine flu virus:


Many international airports around the world had set up preventive measures to prevent the viruses to spread to other countries. Those infected will be quarantined and treated immediately!

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared swine flu as a public health emergency of  ‘pandemic potential’.

As of 27th April 2009, 103 deaths had been reported in Mexico with 1614 swine flu cases.


UPDATED – 28/4/2009.

Currently as of 28th April 2009, 149 deaths had been reported in Mexico, had spread to United States, Spain, New Zealand, Israel, Canada, Scotland, and possible in South Korea and Australia.

World Health Organization (WHO) has raised its alert level to phase 4, indicating a significantly increasing risk of pandemic.


UPDATED (29th April 2009)

Deaths due to suspected swine flu infection in Mexico hist 159, with 2498 illnesses and 26 confirmed cases. USA reported its first death case of swine flu.


One person “under close observation” as possibly suffering from swine flu. Health minister, Liow Tiong Lai, has said it is not yet a suspected case because lab tests are still being done.

This is really scaring now, as now the swine flu is available in Malaysia, my country!!! Aaah!!


UPDATED (30th April 2009)

World Health Organization (WHO) has raised the swine flu threat level to level 5, the last step before a full pandemic. This is due to the first death case reported due to swine flu outside Mexico, which is in USA.


The 15 people who admitted to hospital are suspected of cholera, not swine flu, health authorities have confirmed.

Giving me not much worry back! Huh!


Almost the same with the previous outbreak of SARS that began from Hong Kong (Asian), this one of swine flu began from Mexico (Western). Luckily, there is no sign of any swine flu in Malaysia yet….hope there is NONE!!! Really dangerous! Horrible! Terrifying!

It makes me avoiding food which have pork in it again….for those who are at possible infected area, just stay at home, don’t eat pork, wear masks no matter you are in indoor or at outdoor, locked all doors and windows, and read my blog! And you will be surely safe!

Protect yourself, and everybody protect themselves, and finally no more outbreak! Then back to normal! —————————————————

Burj Dubai again…

another post on the currently-constructing Burj Dubai, the world tallest manmade structure with a height of 818m with over 160 floors.

Located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates in region of fast developing Middle East, the construction of the supertall building started few years back and almost come to an end by this year, 2009!

I have been watching this building going up and up by months and it had been topped out in early 2009 with a spire, and recently the construction of the steel structure has been completed, and the cladding will be completed by 9th September 2009 (09.09.09) – nice number. Currently, the vladding process is on top section of the tower, nearing completion too.

On that day, it is the soft opening day of the building, marking its final touch preparation of the building, and there will be small celebration too.

The look of the spire on top of the building (just an ordinary spire):

The loof of the whole building from far under construction:

Now,the building reminded me of few years back when this building was just as short as typical building in any city, and it is getting taller and taller, surpassing Empire State Building (381m), Sears Tower (442m), Petronas Twin Towers (452m), and even the world tallest completed building, Taipei 101 (509m), world tallest freestanding structure, CN Tower (553m), and KVLY-TV Mast (world tallest man made structure – 629m).

And the building even before its completion is the only sturcture in the world that exceeds 700m or even 800m. Crazy! Imagine when you are standing on the 160th floor of Burj Dubai? What will you feel? Excited? Dizzy? Worried? Scared? Overwhelming? Haha…I wished to reach to top floors of the building too…it will be very crazy!