Top 10 Tallest Buildings in South East Asia.

The last time I wrote a post about the world’s top 10 tallest buildings was two years ago. I do wrote a number of posts regarding that in the past and I’m going to update the list with a new post next year. For now, I’m heading into the tallest for a specific region. And the specific region I’m highlighting now is of course, my region; South East Asia.

South East Asia is a subregion of Asia and it has 11 countries (Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam), an area of over 4.5 million square kilometres, over 640 million population, and is a culturally and ethically diverse region. The region saw very high development rate, and hence skyscrapers are in abundance here. In fact, the first ever skyscraper(s) to snatch the world’s tallest building title from America in the past comes from this region. That’s the famous Petronas Twin Towers that has that honor. The towers now remain the world’s tallest twin buildings in present.

Here’s the top 10 tallest buildings in South East Asia, counting in only completed buildings and excludes telecommunication towers and antennas.

1.Vincom Landmark 81

Height: 461m.

Floors: 81.

Location: Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Year completed: 2018.

2 & 3. Petronas Twin Towers

Height: 452m.

Floors: 88.

Location: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Year completed: 1998.

4. Four Seasons Place

Height: 343m.

Floors: 65.

Location: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Year completed: 2018.

5. Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower

Height: 328m.

Floors: 72.

Location: Hanoi, Vietnam.

Year completed: 2012.

6. Magnolias Waterfront Residences Tower 1

Height: 315m.

Floors: 70.

Location: Bangkok, Thailand.

Year completed: 2018.

7. King Power Mahanakhon

Height: 314m.

Floors: 79.

Location: Bangkok, Thailand.

Year completed: 2016.

8. Menara TM

Height: 310m.

Floors: 55.

Location: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Year completed: 2001.

9. Baiyoke Tower II

Height: 304m.

Floors: 85.

Location: Bangkok, Thailand.

Year completed: 1997.

10. Four Seasons Private Residences

Height: 300m.

Floors: 73.

Location: Bangkok, Thailand.

Year completed: 2019.

Currently (as of June 2019), Vietnam topped the list with their Vincom Landmark 81 Tower in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. It get past the previous record holder (South East Asia’s tallest) from Petronas Twin Towers by around 9m. Vietnam is experiencing superb growth now and it is no stranger that the country is now building more and more skyscrapers as a sign of its immense development. Malaysia and Thailand both have 4 buildings in this list respectively and are still the major nations of supertall skyscrapers in this region. Only three countries are featured in this top 10 list.

One may wonder where is Singapore since the country is well developed (the only developed country in South East Asia) and is known to have huge number of skyscrapers? Due to height restriction (country is small and airspace restriction covers the whole country which is basically just an island), Singapore can only build buildings up to about 280m. Hence, you see no building coming from this country in this list. In fact, the next one (11th place) will be the Singapore’s Tanjong Pagar Centre (283m).

One need to be breaking the 300-metres mark to get into top 10 list as seen above. In few years time, there will be dramatic difference to this list now as more and more taller skyscrapers are coming up in this region. For example, the Merdeka PNB118 (644m) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, the already topped out The Exchange 106 (452m) also in Kuala Lumpur, One Bangkok O4H4 (436m) in Bangkok, Thailand, etc.

(Images in this post are from various online sources)



Recap of films in 2018 and my personal selection of the best.

It’s the last day of the year and it’s time for me to again continue with my blog’s tradition to have a post that compiles all the films released in that particular year that I have watched along with my star rating and my personal selection of the best for the year. This post will as usual, generally be updated from time to time to capture more 2018 films that I will have watched later on after the original publishing date of the post.

Here’s the list of 2018 films that I have watched (updated on 19th March 2019) along with my star rating (maximum of 5).

Hollywood films in 2018 that I have watched: (The ones in bold are my top 10 favourites)

  1. Maze Runner: The Death Cure. *****
  2. Guardians of the Tomb. **
  3. The Cloverfield Paradox. ***
  4. Midnighters. *
  5. Game Night. ****
  6. Tomb Raider. ****
  7. Black Panther. ***
  8. Annihilation. ***
  9. Pacific Rim: Uprising. ***
  10. A Quiet Place. *****
  11. Fifty Shades Freed. **
  12. Deep Blue Sea 2. **
  13. Rampage. ****
  14. Red Sparrow. ***
  15. Winchester. ***
  16. Early Man. ****
  17. Truth Or Dare. ***
  18. Tremors: A Cold Day In Hell. *
  19. Avengers: Infinity War. ****
  20. Ready Player One. ****
  21. Deadpool 2. ****
  22. The Strangers: Prey At Night. ****
  23. Love, Simon. ****
  24. Sherlock Gnomes. ***
  25. Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom. ****
  26. Isle Of Dogs. ***
  27. The Lodgers. ***
  28. Ant-Man And The Wasp. *****
  29. Mission Impossible: Fallout. ****
  30. Extinction. ****
  31. Skyscraper. ****
  32. The Meg. ****
  33. The First Purge. ***
  34. Lake Placid Legacy. **
  35. The Nun. ****
  36. Solo: A Star Wars Story. ****
  37. Sicario: Day Of The Soldado. **
  38. Hotel Transylvania 3: A Monster Vacation. ****
  39. Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again. ****
  40. American Fright Fest. **
  41. Frenzy. **
  42. Johnny English Strikes Again. ****
  43. A Star Is Born. ****
  44. Venom. ****
  45. The Spy Who Dumped Me. ***
  46. Slender Man. **
  47. Primal Rage. **
  48. The Hurricane Heist. ***
  49. Incredibles 2. ****
  50. Halloween. ****
  51. Our House. ****
  52. Hunter Killer. *****
  53. Crazy Rich Asians. ****
  54. The Predator. ****
  55. Blood Fest. **
  56. Searching. *****
  57. Bohemian Rhapsody. ****
  58. Alpha Wolf. **
  59. Curse Of The Scarecrow. *
  60. First Man. ****
  61. The House With A Clock In Its Walls. ***
  62. Mowgli: Legend Of The Jungle. ***
  63. Under The Silver Lake. **
  64. The Mermaid: Lake Of The Dead. **
  65. Goosebumps 2: Haunted Halloween. ***
  66. Fantastic Beasts 2: The Crimes Of Grindelwald. ***
  67. Aquaman. *****
  68. Hell Fest. ****
  69. Bumblebee. ****
  70. Replicas. ****
  71. Bird Box. ****
  72. Ralph Breaks The Internet. ***
  73. Beautiful Boy. ***
  74. Rust Creek. *
  75. Jonathan. ****
  76. The Favourite. ***
  77. The Wife. ***
  78. Vice. ***
  79. Time Freak. ***
  80. Spider-Man: Into The Spider-Verse. *****
  81. Boy Erased. ****
  82. The Nutcracker And The Four Realms. ***
  83. Robin Hood. ***
  84. Can You Ever Forgive Me? ****
  85. The Grinch. ***
  86. End Of The World. *
  87. Dead In The Water. **
  88. Night School. **
  89. Instant Family. ***
  90. Bad Times At The El Royale. ***
  91. Overlord. ****
  92. Discarnate. ***
  93. Mary Queen Of Scots. ****
  94. Mary Poppins Returns. ***
  95. Book Of Monsters. ***

Chinese films in 2018 that I have watched: (The one in bold is my top favourite)

  1. A Beautiful Moment. *** (Hong Kong film)
  2. Agent Mr Chan. ** (Hong Kong film)
  3. Lee Chong Wei: Rise Of The Legend. **** (Malaysian film)
  4. Detective Dee: The Four Heavenly Kings. **** (China film)
  5. Master Z: The Ip Man Legacy. **** (Hong Kong film)

Other foreign films in 2018 that I have watched: (The one in bold is my top favourite)

  1. What The Waters Left Behind. *** (Argentinian film)
  2. The Quake. *** (Norwegian film)
  3. Rampant. **** (South Korean film)
  4. Roma. **** (Mexican film)

As of 19th March 2019, I have watched a total of 104 films that are released in year 2018. I managed to break the 100-mark. Years have go on and I’m still clearly a movie fans. It’s my hobby, my favourite thing to do in leisure time and is my great source of entertainment.

Moving on, here’s the list of top 10 highest grossing films of 2018 (as of 19th March 2019):

  1. Avengers: Infinity War. $ 2.048 billion.
  2. Black Panther. $ 1.346 billion.
  3. Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom. $ 1.309 billion.
  4. Incredibles 2. $ 1.242 billion.
  5. Aquaman. $ 1.143 million.
  6. Bohemian Rhapsody. $ 879 million.
  7. Venom. $855 million.
  8. Mission Impossible: Fallout. $ 791 million.
  9. Deadpool 2. $ 785 million.
  10. Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes Of Grindelwald. $ 653 million.

A record 5 films joined the 1-billion dollar club this year. Avengers: Infinity War topped the table with a huge comfortable margin and is the 4th movie to surpass the 2-billion milestone and is currently also the 4th highest grossing film of all time. Incredibles 2 becomes the 2nd highest grossing animated film of all time (only behind 2013’s Frozen). Out of the 10 films above, 6 of them are based on superheroes (including the animated film Incredibles 2). That shows that the world audiences aren’t tired of superhero genre yet.

So now, to the final section of this post is where my personal selection of the best of films in 2018 is. Here, I’m pretending to be a professional film academy voter.

Best Film: A Quiet Place

Best Director: Alfonso Cuaron (Roma)

Best Leading Actor: Rami Malek (Bohemian Rhapsody)

Best Leading Actress: Glenn Close (The Wife)

Best Supporting Actor: Timothee Chalamet (Beautiful Boy)

Best Supporting Actress: Nicole Kidman (Boy Erased)

Best Young Performer: Ansel Elgort (Jonathan)

Best Original Screenplay: A Quiet Place

Best Adapted Screenplay: Can You Ever Forgive Me?

Best Film Editing: Vice

Best Cinematography: Roma

Best Production Design: Isle of Dogs

Best Action Choreography: Aquaman

Best Visual Effects: Aquaman

Best Original Score: First Man

Best Original Song: Shallow from ‘A Star Is Born’ 

Best Sound Mixing and Editing: Bohemian Rhapsody

Best Costume Design: Black Panther

Best Make-up and Hair-styling: Vice

Best Youth or Superhero Film: Aquaman

Best Horror or Supernatural Film: A Quiet Place

Best Musical or Comedy Film: Johnny English Strikes Again

Best Sci-fi or Fantasy Film: Ready Player One

Best Action or Thriller Film: Hunter Killer

Best Animated Film: Spider-Man: Into The Spider-Verse

(This post is originally published on 31st December 2018 and is updated on 19th March 2019)

My blog is turning 10 years old today!

Yesterday is a significant day for Google as it was their 20th anniversary. Today (28th September 2018) on the other hand is a very meaningful and historic day for me as it marks the 10th anniversary of my blog here. A decade has gone since I browse through the web looking for a platform for blogging and then decided to join WordPress, create a profile and well, you know where it leads to now.

When I first started my blog here, I didn’t see any long-term plan or future for it. Back then, I was just a teenager having a sudden urge to create a blog that I think won’t last for long. A very simple and informal blog that allows me to express myself on the internet without thinking of going far. I am not seeking huge number of blog followers, increasing popularity or any exposure.

‘’ then went through its 1st anniversary, 2nd anniversary, and so on…until today, when it crosses yet another significant milestone; 10th anniversary! Now, it has nearly 3.5 million views and over 300 blog followers. Presently, my blog also has about 400 views daily on average. This particular post is my blog’s 2050th post and that means I have written over 2000 posts in these 10 years, all by myself. Well, that’s an astounding achievement that I can be proud of.

I didn’t expect that I can come to this far and that there will be a lot more 10 years for this blog. No matter how busy I am in the past, present or future, I would still dedicate some time here to share my stories or any interesting issues from sports and politics to travel and architecture to everyone. This blog has become part and parcel of my life eventually and it acts like my online diary now.

In the following 10 years, I’m looking to expand my blog with better content and graphic, and eager to improve on my writing for higher quality posts. This commenced right away with the obvious change of my blog’s layout theme. It looks very different now and it sets a refreshing path for years to come. I would also look into producing posts touching on broader topics while further refining on future posts related to certain fields that I’m attached to such as architecture. And soon, I would be having my personal domain name for my blog. These would be my goals and my future direction for my blog from this point onward. ‘’ will stay active as long as me and the internet are here.

Last but not least, Happy 10th Birthday to my blog once again!



World’s Ten Tallest Cities in 2018

I have written a post on the top 10 tallest buildings that will be completed this year (2018) few days ago. Now, it’s time to proceed to another similar topic; world’s top 10 tallest cities in 2018. How do I decide which cities are taller? Taking reference from Ultrapolis Project website that sorted world’s tallest cities several years ago (and is now no longer doing so, hence the statistics on its website not being updated), I look to add up the height of top 20 tallest buildings in a particular city and divide them by 20 to get the average height of 20 tallest buildings in that city.

At first, I look to only add up the height of top 10 tallest buildings in a city only, and not 20. However, later I found that top 20 will make the data more credible and better visualize the ‘tallness’ of a city. Buildings mentioned here include the topped-out ones but exclude the telecommunication or observation towers as they are non-habitable structures. The list of top 20 tallest buildings of the cities across the world can be found from Emporis website, and it is a very reliable source of information besides than Council of Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH). Before going down the list below, which cities do you think will be included in this list and which one of them is the tallest of them all?


1.Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Points: 374.35

Tallest building in the city: Burj Khalifa (828 metres)

2. Shenzhen, China

Points: 338.60

Tallest building in the city: Ping An International Finance Center (599 metres)

3. New York City, United States of America

Points: 313.70

Tallest building in the city: One World Trade Center (541 metres)

4. Guangzhou, China

Points: 311.50

Tallest building in the city: CTF Finance Centre (530 metres)

5. Shanghai, China

Points: 311.25

Tallest building in the city: Shanghai Tower (632 metres)

6. Hong Kong, China

Points: 295.30

Tallest building in the city: International Commerce Centre (484 metres)

7. Tianjin, China

Points: 290.00

Tallest building in the city: Goldin Finance 117 (597 metres)

8. Chicago, United States of America

Points: 280.70

Tallest building in the city: Willis Tower (442 metres)

9. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Points: 275.90

Tallest building in the city: The Exchange 106 (492 metres)

10. Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Points: 267.30

Tallest building in the city: Burj Mohammed Bin Rashid (382 metres)

Hong Kong would have topped this list a decade or two ago. However, many other cities in China are now in skyscraper boom and some of them immediately overtake Hong Kong in the race to build taller skyscrapers. Hong Kong appears to have slow down a lot in recent years on that progress, and is now pushed down to 6th spot. China dominated the list again as expected with 5 of its cities in this top 10 list. I am also surprised that a much less known city, Tianjin made it to the list too. Although China is the top country in this trend of building supertalls, Dubai still took the crown for being the world’s tallest cities in 2018. A lot of points to push Dubai to the top definitely comes from Burj Khalifa, which stands at a whopping 828 metres high alone and is still the current world’s tallest building.

I’m delighted that my home city, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia is within this top 10 list. Although KL is quite a small city, but we do have a number of tall skyscrapers. I have decided to include in the still under-construction The Exchange 106 Tower (492 metres tall) into the calculation because this building is definitely going to be completed this year and is nearly at the stage of topping out now.

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

Top 10 tallest buildings to be built in 2018

2018 will be another great year in worldwide achievement on building skyscrapers. China is again leading the way in building supertall buildings. My capital city, Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia will also be included into this list for the first time after so many years due to the projected completion of 492 metres tall The Exchange 106 Tower mid of this year. So, what are the top 10 tallest buildings to be built in 2018? Here’s the answer:

  1. Goldin Finance 117 Tower, Tianjin, China (597 metres, 128 floors). The tower is now nearing the stage of topping out with the construction of the diamond-shaped crown to commence shortly. However, there are news that this project is put on hold due to budget constraint and may not be completed this year. If it is managed to be completed this year, it will be the world’s 5th tallest building. It is only 3 metres shy from 600 metres mark.

2. Tianjin CTF Finance Centre, Tianjin, China (530 metres, 97 floors). The tower has topped out and is set to be completed this year while fate is still unknown for the Goldin Finance 117 Tower mentioned above that is located in the same city; Tianjin. When completed, it will be among the world’s top 10 tallest buildings.

3. China Zun Tower, Beijing, China (528 metres, 108 floors). The tower has topped out. When completed, it will be among the world’s top 10 tallest buildings.

4. The Exchange 106 Tower, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (492 metres, 106 floors). The tower is now nearing the stage of topping out with the construction of the glass crown to commence shortly. This will be the first building in the country to have over 100 floors and will be the country’s tallest when completed.

5. Lakhta Center, St Petersburg, Russia (462 metres, 86 floors). The tower has topped out and will be the tallest building in Russia when completed. First time seeing Russia join in the race to construct building of this height.

6. Changsha IFS Tower 1, Changsha, China (452 metres, 94 floors). The tower is nearly completed with all exterior cladding already installed.

7. Suzhou IFS, Suzhou, China (450 metres, 98 floors). The tower has topped out and its exterior cladding is almost completed.

8. Wuhan Center Tower, Wuhan, China (438 floors, 88 floors). This one also has topped out. Another higher skyscraper, Wuhan Greenland Center is also rising quickly in the same city and when completed in 2019, the 125-storey tower will have a height of 636 metres.

9. China Resources Headquarters, Shenzhen, China (393 metres, 67 floors). Topped out. Shenzhen has been seeing record-breaking number of skyscrapers completed in recent years.

10. Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 1, Shenzhen, China (388 metres, 80 floors). Topped out. Another one in Shenzhen.

Out of the 10 building above, 8 are in China, 1 is in Malaysia and 1 is in Russia. We seldom see any supertall skyscraper completion in Russia and 2018 will be the year for that to happen. China dominated the race to build skyscrapers again from its cities like Tianjin and Shenzhen. United States, which is once known as the country of the origin of skyscrapers did not make it to the list. The first 8 in this list will have final height of over 400 metres respectively while the first 3 even exceeded 500 metres mark.

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

The World in 2017: Recap of Major Events of the Year

2017 is coming to an end soon. As with my blog’s tradition, I am here compiling a post that looks back at some major events or viral happenings throughout this one whole year. It’s time for a flashback of 2017 as we prepare to welcome 2018. Here below are the 10 events that are highly representative for year 2017.

Trump, Trump and Trump

Ever since Donald Trump is officially inaugurated as the President of the United States of America early this year, there has been many news, reports and comments regarding him (mostly negative). His iconic hairstyle or gestures have been parodied countless of times. His tweets are also grabbing everyone’s attention with his hilariously unprofessional or unreasonable comments that should not have come out from a President at all. His remarks on North Korea and Kim Jong Un, Jerusalem, fake news, etc have sparked so much controversies. He is certainly the man of the year, but for mostly negative reasons.

Despacito Everywhere

A Mexican music video in YouTube is definitely not to be missed out. The music video ‘Despacito’ by Luis Fonsi featuring Daddy Yankee broke record as the YouTube video with highest number of views in history. Currently, it has accumulated over 4.5 billion views! Up to this day, I still have no idea what the song is about and I also have no idea why it is such a massive hit worldwide.

Las Vegas Shooting

On the night of October 1, 2017, a gunman named Stephen Paddock opened fire on a crowd of concertgoers at a music festival on the Las Vegas strip in Nevada, leaving 58 dead and 546 injured. He fired more than 1100 rounds from his suite on the 32nd floor of the nearby Mandalay Bay Hotel. About an hour after Paddock fired his last shot into the crowd of 22,000, he was found dead in his room from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. His motive is still unknown. The incident is the deadliest mass shooting committed by an individual in the United States. The shooting reignited the debate about gun laws in US.

Tragic Earthquakes in central Mexico and border of Iraq and Iran

Two massive earthquakes occurred this year. First was a 7.1 earthquake on September 19 at Central Mexico that kills around 350 people. The second one was a 7.3 earthquake on November 12 that strikes the border region between Iraq and Iran , leaving at least 530 dead.

Manchester Arena’s Bombing

A terrorist bombing attack occurred at an Ariana Grande’s concert in Manchester, England on May 22, 2017. It killed 22 people and injured over 100. A shrapnel-laden homemade bomb was detonated as people were leaving Manchester Arena following a concert by the American singer Ariana Grande.

Grenfell Tower Fire

A massive fire broke out at the 24-storey Grenfell Tower block of public housing flats in North Kensington, West London on 14th June 2017. It killed 71 people and over 70 injuries are reported. Police and fire services believe the fire started accidentally in a fridge-freezer on the fourth floor. The rapid growth of the fire is thought to have been accelerated by the building’s exterior cladding, which is of a common type in widespread use. This sparked review of building regulations and fire safety not only for UK itself but also for other multiple countries.

North Korea In The Spotlight

North Korea has been condemned by international community particularly in this year for multiple actions that include test firing a ballistic missile across the Sea of Japan, conducting nuclear tests, and threatening to initiate attacks. Further sanctions have been imposed on the country by various countries across the world and also by the United Nations.

Truck Bombing in Somalia and Sinai Mosque Attack

On 14 October 2017, a massive blast caused by a truck bombing in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, killed at least 512 people and injured 316. The attack is the deadliest in Somalia‘s history, and it is is also the third-deadliest act of terrorism in recorded history, surpassed only by the 2007 Yazidi communities bombings and the September 11 attacks in 2001.

On 24 November 2017, the al-Rawda mosque in Egypt was attacked by roughly 40 gunmen during Friday prayers. The attack killed 311 people and injured at least 122, making it the deadliest attack in Egyptian history. Islamic State is the suspected perpetrators behind this attack.

WannaCry Ransomware Attack

The WannaCry ransomware attack was a May 2017 worldwide cyberattack by the WannaCry[a] ransomware cryptoworm, which targeted computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system by encrypting data and demanding ransom payments in the Bitcoin cryptocurrency. The attack began on Friday, 12 May 2017, and within a day was reported to have infected more than 230,000 computers in over 150 countries.

Paris 2024, Los Angeles 2028

The International Olympic Committee has officially announced on September 13, 2017 that Paris is awarded the right to host 2024 Summer Olympic Games while Los Angeles will be hosting the 2028 edition of the games. Hence, there will be no bidding event for 2028 games.

We observed mostly ruins, disasters, attacks, tragic news or negative stuff for this year. Let’s hope that we will be seeing more positive events next year.

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)


Emporis Skyscraper Award 2016

The result for Emporis Skyscraper Award 2016 was announced recently. It is an annual prize to honour highrise buildings with excellence in both aesthetic and functional design. The award first started in year 2000 ranks 10 best buildings worldwide annually which are chosen by Emporis editors. They are architectural experts from across the world. For your further information, Emporis is a real estate data mining company that collects and publishes data of buildings worldwide with particular emphasis on skyscrapers. The database now also includes low-rise buildings and other structures. Only buildings completed (built) in 2016 are considered for this award’s selection.

The winner for Emporis Skyscraper Award 2016 is Via 57 West in New York City, USA. The pyramid shaped winner, designed by the Danish architects BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group, was recognized by the award jury for its fascinating and extraordinary shape which breaks new ground in design. VIA 57 West is a hybrid between an European perimeter block and a classic American skyscraper.

Claiming the second place is Torre Reforma from Mexico City, Mexico. With a height of 804 feet, it is Mexico City’s tallest skyscraper and also the world’s tallest exposed concrete structure. The jury specifically praises the intelligent environmental solution for a skyscraper. The building is composed of two exposed concrete walls and one main glass façade. The concrete walls protect the interior from direct sunlight and reduces the cooling load. Mexico City is known for its high seismic activity. For this reason, Torre Reforma has a triangular footprint and combined with the latest engineering knowledge, it is supposed to withstand heavy winds and earthquakes for the next 2,500 years.

In third place the expert jury voted Oasia Hotel Downtown, in Singapore. The project stands out with a remarkable red façade and 21 different species of plants in 1793 planter boxes turning into an urban oasis. The facade is overgrown with different vines to ensure the building’s facade is always lush and resilient during different weather conditions. Moreover, the tower offers four open sky gardens which allows wind to pass through the building for good ventilation.

Here’s below is the Top 10 Skyscrapers for year 2016 as selected by Emporis that reveals the remaining 4th to 10th place winners.

  1. Via 57 West – 142 metres high, 34 floors, New York City, USA. Architect: BIG. (30 points)

2. Torre Reforma – 245 metres high, 57 floors, Mexico City, Mexico. Architect: LBR Arquitectos. (27 points)

3. Oasis Hotel Downtown – 190 metres high, 27 floors, Singapore. Architect: WOHA Architects. (25 points)

4. MahaNakhon – 314 metres high, 77 floors, Bangkok, Thailand. Architect: Buro Ole Scheeren. (23 points)

5. Elbphilharmonie – 110 metres high, 25 floors, Hamburg, Germany. Architect: Kallmorgen & Partner, Herzog & de Meuron. (18 points)

6. 56 Leonard Street – 250 metres high, 57 floors, New York City, USA. Architect: Herzog & de Meuron. (17 points)

7. CTF Finance Centre – 530 metres high, 111 floors, Guangzhou, China. Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. (13 points)

8. The L Tower – 205 metres high, 59 floors, Toronto, Canada. Architect: Studio Daniel Libeskind. (12 points)

9. Beijing Greenland Dawangjing Tower – 260 metres high, 55 floors, Beijing, China. Architect: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP. (10 points)

10. Sumitomo Fudosan Roppongi Grand Tower – 231 metres high, 43 floors, Tokyo, Japan. Architect: Nikkon Sekkei Ltd. (7 points)

The winner, Via 57 West is one of the precedent studies for my Masters’ thesis. It is not very tall, but made a huge visual impact to the New York City’s skyline due to its unique design that challenges the convention of skyscraper typology. I do like the 2nd place winner, Torre Reforma too as the huge vertical bare concrete wall is a stand out among typical fully glass-clad or solid painted walled skyscrapers. The 3rd place, Oasis Hotel Downtown is to be complimented for its striking red-coloured cladding that allows landscaping to grow on it. The other buildings look fantastic too and they are mostly designed by famous architects. I have personally visited the Bangkok’s MahaNakhon Tower. Although it looks nice with its pixelated feature, but the way the architect explained how it relates to the city context doesn’t resonate to me at all.

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)