Origin of the word ‘skyscraper’


Everyone who is no stranger to me definitely knows that I’m quite a big fan of skyscraper, not mainly because it is tall, but its presence that dominates the surrounding built environment and symbolises a vision of reaching up to the sky. Recently, it seems that I had abandoned my habit of loving skyscrapers due to busy days with typical architecture of modern houses and public buildings of multi-purpose.

Hence, it’s time to get back a little bit to skyscraper on this blog once again. Skyscraper rules!

There is actually no clear or exact definition of ‘skyscraper’. Defining the word is quite subjective. Everyone will refer it to as structure that is tall (but how tall it should be to be classified as skyscraper???) Arguments and debates came here, which involved many parties and corporations like Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH – responsible mainly in listing official world tallest buildings list), Emporis Standards Committee, etc.

Most cities define the term ‘skyscraper’ empirically. Hence, even a building of only 80 metres tall can be considered a skyscraper if it protrudes above the existing built environment and changes the overall skyline

The word “skyscraper” originally was a nautical term referring to a small triangular sail set above the skysail on a sailing ship. The term was first applied to buildings in the late 19th century as a result of public amazement at the tall buildings being built in Chicago and New York City. The first skyscraper was for many years thought to be the Home Insurance Building built in Chicago, Illinois in 1885. More recent arguments point to New York’s seven floor Equitable Life Assurance Building built in 1870 and it was arguably the first office building built using a kind of skeletal frame but it depends on what factors are chosen and even the scholars making the argument find it academic.

The structural definition of the word skyscraper was refined later by architectural historians, based on engineering developments of the 1880s that had enabled construction of tall multi-storey buildings. This definition was based on the steel skeleton—-as opposed to constructions of load-bearing masonry, which passed their practical limit in 1891 with Chicago’s Monadnock Building. The steel frame developed in stages of increasing self-sufficiency, with several buildings in Chicago and New York advancing the technology that allowed the steel frame to carry a building on its own. Today, however, many of the tallest skyscrapers are built almost entirely with reinforced concrete.

A loose convention in the United States and Europe now draws the lower limit of a skyscraper at 150 meters (~500 ft) .A skyscraper taller than 300 meters (~1000 ft) may be referred to as supertall. Shorter buildings are still sometimes referred to as skyscrapers if they appear to dominate their surroundings.

The somewhat arbitrary term skyscraper should not be confused with the also ill-defined term high-rise. The Emporis Standards Committee defines a high-rise building as “a multi-story structure between 35-100 meters tall, or a building of unknown height from 12-39 floors” and a skyscraper as “a multi-story building whose architectural height is at least 100 meters.” Some structural engineers define a highrise as any vertical construction for which wind is a more significant load factor than earthquake or weight. Note that this criterion fits not only high rises but some other tall structures, such as towers.

The word skyscraper often carries a connotation of pride and achievement. The skyscraper, in name and social function, is a modern expression of the age-old symbol of the world center or axis mundi: a pillar that connects earth to heaven and the four compass directions to one another.

Competition for taller buildings, and even race for the tallest began on the West, from cities of skyscrapers’ birth (Chicago and New York City) as early as from 1900s till 1990s for almost a century. However, the geographical domination ended when Petronas Twin Towers (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) were built in 1998 as world tallest buildings, marking the beginning of Asia reign in world tallest (next tallest was then Taipei 101 and finally current world tallest, Burj Khalifa, Dubai).

This geographical transition is accompanied by a change in approach to skyscraper design. For much of the twentieth century large buildings took the form of simple geometrical shapes. This reflected the “international style” or modernist philosophy shaped by Bauhaus architects early in the century. The last of these, the Willis Tower and World Trade Center towers in New York, erected in the 1970s, reflect the philosophy. Tastes shifted in the decade which followed, and new skyscrapers began to exhibit postmodernist influences. This approach to design avails itself of historical elements, often adapted and re-interpreted, in creating technologically modern structures. The Petronas Twin Towers recall Asian pagoda architecture and Islamic geometric principles. Taipei 101 likewise reflects the pagoda tradition as it incorporates ancient motifs such as the ruyi symbol. The Burj Khalifa draws inspiration from traditional Arabic art and flower. Architects in recent years have sought to create structures that would not appear equally at home if set in any part of the world, but that reflect the culture thriving in the spot where they stand.

Last picture of the post; I love this! Very inspiring!

Advertisements

28 thoughts on “Origin of the word ‘skyscraper’

  1. Pingback: Nicemovies.US

  2. Pingback: smith magenis syndrome life expectancy

  3. I am making a powerpoint presentation and I am seeking permission for the use of the skyscraper image in the first paragraph.

  4. When trying to lose weight, a number of people usually tend to on
    complete starvation diets. In doing so, however, they strip off
    themselves the primary intake of nutrients, nutritional supplements which
    results in various health conditions in the end.

    Just what balance diet?

    The important thing to fat loss within a healthy strategy is
    by using a reliable and good diet that features the ration of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and fats.
    It is a fact that your body needs a specific use of fat and carbohydrates in
    order to function properly in addition to keep fit.

    Minerals and vitamins play a critical role when it comes to this.

    They are not only to blame for various functions in the body, but eating foods rich in nutritional supplements can
    at the same time result in natural and healthy weight-loss.

    Vitamins and minerals, and the reason why you need them

    Balanced and healthy consumption of minerals, vitamins as
    well as other nutrients is vital. Not enough these components leads
    to different health problems. Many people stress on taking supplements for sufficient mineral and vitamin intake, however, the right choice of food will as well
    be important source balancing important components by the body processes.

    They may be primarily classified into 2 main categories water soluble and fat soluble vitamins.
    Fat soluble vitamins are vitamins which can be stored by the body, and they are highly seen in fats like oil, butter and milk products.

    Although they are very important for performing day to day activities.

    Excess of these vitamins may be bad for your overall
    health.

    Water soluble vitamins are not stored within the body
    hence you’ll need regular use of vitamin rich foods in order to stay healthy. Water soluble vitamins include vitamin b complex, C, and folate. Miacin, thalmin and riboflavin may also be regarded as water soluble vitamins. These are actually some of the important components that you simply consume along with their functions are

    (a)Help in releasing energy from food

    (b)They get excited about wind turbine

    (c)They assist in cell reproduction and metabolize amino acids as well

    (d)Vitamin C helps with gathering of collagen that supports blood vessels and will be blood clotting

    What you must eat to lose weight

    Consumption of protein is recognized as the best way of gaining healthy muscle along with trimming down extra inches. You should select lean meat, eggs and fish in an attempt to increase your intake of protein. However, you should boil, bake or steam your foods in order to have them abundant with nutrients and light on calories. Beans, lentils and oats are excellent choices since they are high on energy and the act as appetite suppressants.

    It’s not your food intake that matters, but how much you
    consume what’s going to increase the risk for numbers to get rid of your weight. The correct balance of minerals, proteins and energy and vitamins in your diet is the only aspect in shedding pounds as well as leading a normal life. To ensure that what you really are eating is right, you ought to consult a fitness nutritionist for the diet chart.

  5. Very great post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to mention that I’ve truly loved surfing around your weblog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing on your rss feed and I hope you write once more very soon!

  6. Reblogged this on Versakay's Blog and commented:
    The word skyscraper as applied to tall buildings appears in a Telugu epic ‘Amukta Maalyada’ , by the great Indian emperor of the sixteent century, Sri Krishna Deva Raya. In the opening poem describing the tsll buildings of the Villiputtur city, he uses the Telugu words, ‘ minnulatho raayu suvarna sowdhamula’ , meaning, ‘ sky-scraping golden mansions’

  7. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else experiencing problems
    with your blog. It appears as if some of the written text in your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else
    please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
    This may be a problem with my web browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Thank you

  8. Have you ever thought about creating an ebook or guest authoring
    on other blogs? I have a blog based upon on the same ideas you
    discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my subscribers would value your work.
    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.

  9. It was not introduced as an accounting discipline but as part of mathematical procedures, which merchants could utilize in monitoring their assets,
    liabilities and investment exposure (capital).
    For example, in a nation like Britain, company
    tax return contains completed Corporation Tax Return (CT 600) and the yearly monetary documents and
    accounts, which support the tax estimation. Additionally, you will receive monthly client ledger trial balances from the bank,
    which you can then match with your office client ledger records.
    On the grounds that clerk services are frequently served on an hourly groundwork,
    people who work snappier will permit you to recover more.

  10. Simply desire to say your article is as astonishing.
    The clarity to your submit is just spectacular and i could suppose you’re a professional on this subject.
    Fine together with your permission allow me to snatch your RSS feed to keep up
    to date with drawing close post. Thanks a million and please
    continue the rewarding work.

  11. I am making teaching materials for a German course at the Faculty of Civil Engineering and I am seeking permission for the use of the skyscraper image in the first paragraph.
    Thank you very much.

  12. Aw, this was an extremely nice post. Spending some time and actual
    effort to generate a very good article… but what can I say… I
    put things off a lot and don’t manage to get anything done.

  13. Pingback: Form VS Function – Theories Of Architecture

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s