Archive for ranking

Top 10 Tallest Buildings in the World (as of April 2017)

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 8, 2017 by vincentloy

The two cities that witness the birth of skyscrapers are Chicago and New York City in United States. That was over a hundred years ago after the introduction of steel framed construction and passenger elevator that enables buildings to be built much taller. Now in 2017, only one building in United States that is placed within the top 10 tallest buildings in the world currently. The other 9 are generally all located in Asia. Here below is the current top 10 tallest buildings in the world as of April 2017. The list only includes completed buildings and does not include television towers, observation towers, masts, antennas or buildings with very little percentage of habitable floors.

  1. Burj Khalifa, 828 metres, 163 floors, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (completed in 2010).

2. Shanghai Tower, 632 metres, 128 floors, Shanghai, China (completed in 2015).

3. Makkah Royal Clock Tower, 601 metres, 120 floors, Mecca, Saudi Arabia (completed in 2012).

4. Ping An Finance Center, 599 metres, 115 floors, Shenzhen, China (completed in 2017).

5. Lotte World Tower, 555 metres, 123 floors, Seoul, South Korea (completed in 2017).

6. One World Trade Center, 541 metres, 104 floors, New York City, United States (completed in 2014).

7. Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre, 530 metres, 111 floors, Guangzhou, China (completed in 2016).

8. Taipei 101, 508 metres, 101 floors, Taipei, Taiwan (completed in 2004).

9. Shanghai World Financial Center, 492 metres, 101 floors, Shanghai, China (completed in 2008).

10. International Commerce Centre, 484 metres, 108 floors, Hong Kong, China (completed in 2010).

This list will change drastically from year to year due to rapid increase of construction of supertall skyscrapers in the world in recent decade. More and more new buildings are reaching further to the sky. Out of the current top 10 tallest buildings in the world, half of them are in China (this doesn’t even include Taipei 101 in Taiwan). 8 of them soar above 500 metres in height respectively too. Also noted is that every buildings in this top 10 tallest list has over 100 floors respectively. The tallest in the world, Burj Khalifa has been on the top of the list for over 7 years now. By 2020, it is expected to be defeated by Kingdom Tower, a skyscraper currently under construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. That tower is projected to soar above 1000 metres (1 km!) when completed in 2020.

The oldest supertall in this list is Taipei 101 which is only 13 years old by now as it is built in 2004. More and more new buildings are joining the list with two newcomers this year; Ping An Finance Center and Lotte World Tower at No.4 and No.5 placing respectively. Former world’s tallest buildings and still the current world’s tallest twin buildings, the Petronas Twin Towers are kicked out of the top 10 list this year as they are now placed at No.11 (and 12) with height of 452 metres. Too bad…my home coutry’s famous twin towers are now out of the ranking. Anyway, in few years to come, Malaysia will have another new supertall; PNB 118 Tower that will certainly join this top 10 list with a height of over 600 metres.

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

World’s 10 Tallest Buildings in 2016.

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 26, 2016 by vincentloy

It’s been quite some time since I last compiled a list of the world’s top ten tallest buildings. I think the last time I worked on that was about a year or two ago and I’m very sure that the data in that particular post would be inaccurate as of now due to the world’s high interest on building supertall skyscrapers in recent years. So, if you are looking for the latest and the most accurate list of world’s top 10 tallest buildings as of June 2016, this is the right place to be.

The list only includes buildings (structures that contain mostly habitable or functional floors) and excludes tv masts, telecommunication or observation towers, antennas, etc. This list also includes the buildings that are still under construction but have already topped out (reached final height).

< 1 > Burj Khalifa, 828 metres, 163 floors, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (completed in 2010).

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< 2 > Shanghai Tower, 632 metres, 121 floors, Shanghai, China (completed in 2015).

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< 3 > Makkah Clock Royal Tower, 601 metres, 120 floors, Makkah, Saudi Arabia (completed in 2012).

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< 4 > Ping An International Finance Center, 599 metres, 116 floors, Shenzhen, China (topped out, to be completed in 2016).

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< 5 > Lotte World Tower, 556 metres, 123 floors, Seoul, South Korea (topped out, to be completed in 2016).

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< 6 > One World Trade Center, 541 metres, 104 floors, New York City, United States of America (completed in 2014).

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< 7 > CTF Finance Centre, 530 metres, 116 floors, Guangzhou, China (completed in 2016).

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< 8 > Taipei 101, 509 metres, 101 floors, Taipei, Taiwan (completed in 2004).

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< 9 > Shanghai World Financial Center, 492 metres, 101 floors, Shanghai, China (completed in 2008).

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< 10 > International Commerce Centre, 484 metres, 118 floors, Hong Kong, China (completed in 2010).

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Burj Khalifa remains as the world’s tallest building, holding on to the title for the 6th year. It is also still the world’s tallest man-made structure and is likely to remain at the top of the list for another few years before being taken over by Kingdom Tower (now under construction in Jeddah) in 2020. Half of the 10 buildings in this list above are in China, further displaying the country’s massive economic boom and interest on constructing tall buildings. Also discovered from the list above is that for the next newly completed building to be able to be ranked in the world’s 10 tallest, it has to be at least 500 metres high. 500 metres (above 100 floors as well) is now the minimum mark to get into top 10 tallest’s ranking. Back in 10 years, 400 metres is the mark. Now, an extra 100 for that.

My beloved Petronas Twin Towers are out of the list since they are only 452 metres tall. They are now placed at 11th (and 12th) tallest. Goldin Finance 117, a tower planned for completion this year and nears topping out in Tianjin, China is currently on-hold and is awaiting funding. Its completion date is now pushed to end of year 2017. The tower is expected to reach final height of 597 metres (117 floors) and will be the 5th tallest once topped out either by end of the year or early next year.

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

KL crossed a milestone by having 20 buildings in the city each exceeding 200 metres high.

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 19, 2016 by vincentloy

Not many cities in this world could have over 20 buildings that are each at least 200 metres high respectively. To make it into that list, I can only think of some mega cities like New York, Hong Kong, Chicago, Shanghai, Dubai, Tokyo, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Chongqing. And by 2016, my home-city, Kuala Lumpur will become the 10th city in the world to join the list with exactly 20 buildings that are each over 200 metres high in the capital of Malaysia.

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Yes, till 2016, only 10 cities crossed over this milestone and I’m quite excited that KL is part of it. We also love to build tall here in Kuala Lumpur, a trend that is particularly popular in rising cities in China as well as in Dubai nowadays. Having a lot of tall buildings in the city helps to create more city landmarks as well as enhancing the overall skyline. This also provides an ideal solution to short amount of land for development especially in dense urban areas.

Here below is the list of the current top 20 tallest buildings in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia that includes the architecturally topped-out buildings, but not including television or sightseeing towers. You can see the building in the 20th place hit the 200-metres mark precisely to help push the city to join the 10-city club as mentioned above.

1 & 2 – Petronas Twin Towers (452 metres, 88 floors each, built in 1998, former world’s tallest buildings and current world’s tallest twin buildings)

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3 – Telekom Tower (310 metres, 55 floors, built in 2001)

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4 – Ilham Baru Tower (274 metres, 60 floors, built in 2015)

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5 – Petronas Tower 3 (267 metres, 60 floors, built in 2012)

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6 – Maybank Tower (244 metres, 50 floors, built in 1988, former city’s tallest building)

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7 – Banyan Tree Signatures (240 metres, 55 floors, architecturally topped-out)

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8 – Vista Tower (238 metres, 60 floors, built in 1994)

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9 – Vortex Tower (235 metres, 58 floors, architecturally topped-out)

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10 – Felda Tower (216 metres, 50 floors, built in 2012)

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11 – Naza Tower 1 (216 metres, 50 floors, built in 2015)

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12 – Maxis Tower (212 metres, 49 floors, built in 1998)

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13 – AmBank Tower (210 metres, 50 floors, built in 1998)

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14 – St. Regis Hotel & Residences (205 metres, 48 floors, architecturally topped-out)

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15 – The Troika Tower 3 (204 metres, 50 floors, built in 2010, tallest city’s full residential building)

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16 & 17 – Berjaya Times Square Tower A & B (203 metres, 48 floors each, built in 2003)

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18 – K Residence (202 metres, 52 floors, built in 2008)

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19 – Lot G Office Towers (200 metres, 45 floors, built in 2013)

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20 – Le Nouvel Tower 1 (200 metres, 49 floors, architecturally topped-out)

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There are actually several high-rise buildings completed recently along KL Sentral region of which their height would be around 190 metres to 200 metres respectively. However, there isn’t a formal database to confirm on this. Some also speculated that the Le Nouvel Tower 1 (the 20th tallest) is actually 199 metres tall, and not 200 metres. Well, there is only a 1 metre difference..so let’s just get over it. In few more years, there would be several more much taller buildings to be constructed in the city, particularly the city’s next tallest building, the PNB 118 Tower that will go beyond 600-metres mark once built.

(Information above is correct as of April 2016. Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

5 Best City Skylines of Australia.

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 11, 2016 by vincentloy

Australia is now my home for at least two years. It is a huge country but it has much lesser population to my surprise. It has almost similar number of citizens with my country, Malaysia which is actually much smaller in size of its land. Currently, I’m based in Perth for my postgraduate study and so far, I have been enjoying the life over here in this new environment. I also get to know more about this fantastic nation that is home to quite a number of beautiful cities. I’m the one who like to compare city skylines and I find this is a nice time for me to compile a list to rank the best city skylines in Australia. Only 5 cities get contend here:

1 – Sydney, New South Wales.

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2 – Melbourne, Victoria.

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3 – Brisbane, Queensland.

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4 – Perth, Western Australia.

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5 – Gold Coast, Queensland.

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Out of the 5 cities above, I have visited three; Sydney and Melbourne during my Chinese New Year trip early this year with my family, and of course, Perth, the city I’m living in right now. Would love to check out the other two; Brisbane and Gold Coast soon. Eventhough Perth is a smaller city especially when compared to Sydney or Melbourne, but the city still features interesting and picturesque skyline despite with lesser buildings due to its three iconic tallest buildings within close proximity as well as the beautiful Swan River that would make a perfect front for a breathtaking visual of the city. On the other hand, Melbourne has actually more skyscrapers than Sydney but the latter still topped this ranking because of Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge. These two national landmarks are simply too magnificent and helped immensely to enhance Sydney’s skyline. Anyway, I think my home city, Kuala Lumpur still topped them all.

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

World’s Ten Tallest Cities (as of March 2016)

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 13, 2016 by vincentloy

It has been a long time since I last posted something about skyscrapers, a topic I’m particularly interested in the field of architecture. Today, I have a desire to compile a list of the world’s ten tallest cities. This list is determined by adding the top ten tallest buildings (not including mast / tower) of each cities and then divide the figure by 10 to get the average height of the ten tallest buildings in that particular city analysed. The ten cities with the highest score will then get into this list.

Well, there are quite a number of similar ranking to check on which cities are ‘taller’ out there by different people with different methodology (like the list of Emporis or Ultrapolis Project). This ranking is hence subjective, but the cities mentioned  are usually within the top too when ranked anywhere else too in terms of ‘tallness’. Now, let’s take a look at my list:

1.Dubai

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  • Country: United Arab Emirates.
  • Score: 411.2.
  • Tallest: Burj Khalifa (828m), Also the tallest in the world.
  • 10th tallest: Rose Tower (333m).

2. Shanghai

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  • Country: China.
  • Score: 356.1.
  • Tallest: Shanghai Tower (632m).
  • 10th tallest: Bocom Financial Towers (265m).

3. Hong Kong

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  • Country: China.
  • Score: 342.6.
  • Tallest: International Commerce Centre (484m).
  • 10th tallest: The Cullinan I (270m).

4. New York City

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  • Country: United States of America.
  • Score: 338.1.
  • Tallest: One World Trade Center (541m).
  • 10th tallest: Citigroup Center (279m).

5. Chicago

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  • Country: United States of America.
  • Score: 324.7.
  • Tallest: Willis Tower (442m).
  • 10th tallest: Aqua Tower (262m).

6. Guangzhou

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  • Country: China.
  • Score: 320.5.
  • Tallest: Guangzhou International Finance Center (438m).
  • 10th tallest: Bank of Guangzhou Tower (268m).

7. Shenzhen

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  • Country: China.
  • Score: 310.7.
  • Tallest: KK 100 Tower (442m).
  • 10th tallest: East Pacific Center Tower B (261m).

8. Abu Dhabi

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  • Country: United Arab Emirates.
  • Score: 300.2.
  • Tallest: Burj Mohammed Bin Rashid (382m).
  • 10th tallest: Regent Emirates Pearl (255m).

9. Kuala Lumpur

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  • Country: Malaysia.
  • Score: 288.1.
  • Tallest: Petronas Tower 1 (452m), with Tower 2, they are the world’s tallest twin buildings.
  • 10th tallest: Maxis Tower (212m).

10. Moscow

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  • Country: Russia.
  • Score: 283.3.
  • Tallest: OKO Apartment Tower (352m).
  • 10th tallest: Zapad Tower (242m).

The data above is correct as of March 2016 and only covered buildings that are completed/built (topped out buildings or the ones still under construction are not included in the calculation).

China conquered the list by having 4 of their cities in this top 10 ranking. That’s nearly half of the list. This list cemented China’s position as a leading nation in building supertall skyscrapers in their multiple mega cities. Dubai, United Arab Emirates topped the list as expected as the city is home to many supertall skyscrapers including the current world’s tallest building as well as man-made structure overall, the mighty Burj Khalifa. It is the only city in the world with all ten of its tallest buildings over 300 metres height respectively. The country’s capital, Abu Dhabi also managed to join Dubai in this list. The other country with two cities in this list is United States; New York City and Chicago (both are the birthplaces of modern skyscrapers). My country, Malaysia’s capital, Kuala Lumpur also managed to join the list at 9th position, while Moscow ended the list at 10th place.

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

 

Where are the world’s 10 highest public observation decks?

Posted in Wonders and Places with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 13, 2015 by vincentloy

Have you been to an observation deck located very high above the ground that will enable you to observe amazing panoramic view of the surrounding area? An observation deck is defined as an elevated sightseeing platform usually situated upon a tall architectural structure such as a skyscraper or observation tower. Observation decks are sometimes enclosed from weather, as many skyscraper decks are, and usually include telescopes for viewing distant features. Some higher observation decks also existed on mountain peaks or cliffs, but these are not included in the list below which only mentions the current world’s ten highest public observation decks located on man-made structures.

  1. Outdoor Observation Deck at 148th floor (555 metres above ground), Burj Khalifa, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Additional note: Burj Khalifa is also the current tallest man-made structure in the world.

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2. Outdoor Observation Deck (488 metres above ground), Canton Tower, Guangzhou, China. Additional note: Cool ‘bubble trains’!

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3. Indoor Observatory at 100th floor (474 metres above ground), Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, China. Additional note: The reflections are spectacular already when you are not even looking out for the view yet.

4. Observation Deck (451.2 metres above ground), Tokyo Skytree, Tokyo, Japan.

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5. Observation Deck (446.7 metres above ground), CN Tower, Toronto, Canada.

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6. Indoor Observatory at 103rd floor (412.7 metres above ground), Willis Tower, Chicago, United States of America. Additional note: Floating glass boxes…cool!

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7. Indoor Observatory at 100th floor (393 metres above ground), International Commerce Centre, Hong Kong, China.

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8. Outdoor Observatory at 91st floor (391.6 metres above ground), Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan.

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9. Observatory at 102nd floor (386.6 metres above ground), One World Trade Center, New York City, United States of America.

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10. Observatory at 86th floor of Tower 2 (370 metres above ground), Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Additional note: Can view close-up of its twin.

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Would love to visit all of them. Out of the 10 above, I have only visited the 8th one, the Taipei 101 Observatory when I was on a family vacation to Taiwan back in 2008. It was then still the world’s highest outdoor observatory in the world. Everything on the ground like cars appear as tiny as insects when viewed from the observatory floors of the building which was that time also the tallest building in the world. I still remember it was a rainy day and so the sights were not clear and we were surrounded by heavy mist at that height.

I do love to visit observation decks as those places allow me to enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding city/town from a great height. We seldom get to see aerial view (we are not birds!), and so I do cherish every experience I had when visiting observation decks across the world. I have visited Eiffel Tower’s one too but it was another unlucky experience as it was also a rainy day and the view was not good. Hey…there is one in the top 10 list above which is so near to me and yet I have not visited before, the observatory in Petronas Twin Towers. Well, I’m a local and so there isn’t much surprise that we will not visit our own attractions. But if opportunity comes, I will try to visit it in near future too, just to get another good look of the city’s skyline from different perspective.

Our nearby KL Tower’s observatory at a height of 276 metres above ground is placed 20th in this particular ranking too. Not bad. And in my next year’s trip to Australia, I would visit another observatory, the Skydeck 88 in Eureka Tower (88th floor, 285 metres above ground) at Melbourne. It is ranked 17th highest while the Eiffel Tower’s one I mentioned earlier ranked at 19th with height of 276.1 metres above ground level.

Observation decks are certainly excellent places to visit unless you are afraid of height!

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

 

Where are the world’s 10 largest hotels?

Posted in Wonders and Places with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 8, 2015 by vincentloy

Just a few days ago, I have blogged about the top ten world’s best airports. Today, I felt like doing another top ten list in my blog here and the first thing that came to my mind is hotel. Did you notice that the subjects are all related to vacation? First is airport which is obviously a place you need to go before boarding a flight for a vacation, and now is hotel which is the place tourist would stay and rest during a vacation. My mind is all about vacation now. Can’t wait for my next oversea trip to Australia early next year.

So now, where are the world’s top 10 largest hotels? Can you make a guess? Largest here means highest number of rooms the hotel provides. Without wasting more time, here’s below is the list of the current world’s top 10 largest hotels:

  1. First World Hotel, Genting Highlands, Malaysia – 7351 rooms.

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2. The Venetian & The Palazzo, Las Vegas, USA – 7117 rooms.

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3. MGM Grand Las Vegas, Las Vegas, USA – 6852 rooms.

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4. Disney’s All-Star Resort Complex (Music Resort + Sports Resort + Movies Resort), Orlando, USA – 5524 rooms.

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5. Izmailovo Hotel, Moscow, Russia – 5000 rooms.

6. Wynn Las Vegas + Encore Las Vegas, Las Vegas, USA – 4750 rooms.

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7. Mandalay Bay + Delano + Four Seasons, Las Vegas, USA – 4426 rooms.

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8. Luxor Las Vegas, Las Vegas, USA – 4408 rooms.

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9. Ambassador City Jomtien, Pattaya, Thailand – 4219 rooms.

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10. Excalibur Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas, USA – 4008 rooms.

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Ahh…I’m tired of typing ‘Las Vegas’ again and again. Out of the top 10 largest hotels, 6 are in Las Vegas alone. Impressive. This small city, at the southern part of U.S. State of Nevada, is one of the most iconic and visited tourist destinations in the world. Hence, having many huge hotels in this city is reasonable I guess. It would be cool if I can visit Las Vegas some day. I can have a nice and relaxing vacation, try my luck in this city full of casinos, or even go a bit further to check out the ‘Area 51′. Haha…

This top ten world’s largest hotels’ list may be surprising to Malaysians as I believe many of us didn’t expect First World Hotel to not only being placed in this ranking, but also topped the list. Yes…First World Hotel at Genting Highlands, the entertainment complex at the peak which is only about 1 hour drive from Kuala Lumpur is the current world’s largest hotel with over 7300 rooms available. When the hotel opened its door about a decade ago, it has 6118 rooms and holds the title of the largest hotel in the world at that time. However, the expansion by The Venetian and The Palazzo in Las Vegas at 2008 ended the reign. And just by early this year, First World Hotel gets back the title when its Tower 2 Annex expansion is completed. The Venetian still holds another record, for having the world’s largest casino.

Out of the ten hotels above, the only hotel I have visited and stayed is obviously the No.1, First World Hotel which is just an hour drive from my home. I will always stay in that hotel when I go for an overnight trip to Genting because the room is cheap and the huge quantity of rooms available makes you no need to worry much on its availability. However, the room is very small (to make up for a LOT of rooms, hence the title it gained).

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)