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Pritzker Prize 2017 Winner: Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem and Ramon Vilalta (RCR Arquitectes)

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 2, 2017 by vincentloy

The recipient of this year’s Pritzker Prize, the world’s most prestigious honour to architect, is a little less known. The recipient goes to not only a single person this year, but three, who works under one office; RCR Architects. They are Rafael Arana, Carme Pigem and Ramon Vilalta. Well, it’s not about popularity and the ‘star’ appeal to win this honour. It’s about one’s significant contribution to the field of architecture to be able to receive this award.

Here are an article from Dezeen (original source: https://www.dezeen.com/2017/03/01/key-projects-pritzker-prize-laureates-rcr-arquitectes/) that introduces us to this award-winning architecture office, RCR Arquitectes:

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Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem and Ramon Vilalta all studied at the School of Architecture in Vallès, and set up their practice in their home town of Olot, Catalonia, in 1988. Their work ranges from public and private spaces to cultural venues and educational institutions, each designed to closely relate to the environment of its site. The three architects started working locally, designing an athletics track for the town in 2000 before creating their own office in an old foundry there eight years later. RCR Arquitectes’ other projects in Olot include a private house and a restaurant.

Many more of the studio’s projects over the past 10 years have also been located in Spain’s Girona province, ranging from a winery to a kindergarten and a public theatre. Later the firm began building slightly further afield – completing an art centre and a museum in France in 2014. Often collaborating with other architects, the trio uses materials like recycled steel and plastic. The Pritzker jury described their projects as “beautiful and poetic”. “Each building designed by these architects is special and is uncompromising of its time and place,” said the jury citation. “Their works are always the fruit of true collaboration and at the service of the community.” “They understand that architecture and its surroundings are intimately intertwined and know that the choice of materials and the craft of building are powerful tools for creating lasting and meaningful spaces.”

See 10 key projects by RCR Arquitectes below, in roughly chronological order:

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Tossols-Basil Athletics Track, 2000, Olot, Girona, Spain

Looping through two clearings in an oak forest, the running track avoids the trees and is coloured green to blend with its surroundings. The natural topography of the site provides stands for spectators, while a small pavilion comprising two Corten steel volumes includes a bar and storage for the football field.

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Bell–Lloc Winery, 2007, Palamós, Girona, Spain

A descending pathway with angled steel sides funnels visitors down from opposite directions to the entrance of the winery. Once inside, the material also creates a vaulted ceiling over the wine production machinery and barrel storage areas, where gaps in the roof allow slithers of light into the underground spaces.

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Sant Antoni – Joan Oliver Library, Senior Citizens Center and Cándida Pérez Gardens, 2007, Barcelona, Spain

Situated in Barcelona’s dense Eixample district, this cultural venue was intended to break the continuity of its historic street. A bridging section of the front building – which houses the library – provides public access underneath to a courtyard behind, where a low-slung volume wraps around the edge.

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Barberí Laboratory, 2008, Olot, Girona, Spain

RCR Arquitectes transformed a former foundry in their home town into their own offices and studio. Elements of the original building, like crumbling walls and a steel structure, were preserved. They were then paired with huge expanses of glass to create light-filled workspaces.

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El Petit Comte Kindergarten, 2010, Besalú, Girona, Spain
In collaboration with Joan Puigcorbé

Gradients of colourful plastic create a rainbow effect across this kindergarten building. A courtyard at the centre lets children play outside in a protected environment, while the plastic allows coloured light to flood the spaces inside.

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La Lira Theater Public Open Space, 2011, Ripoll, Girona, Spain
In collaboration with Joan Puigcorbé

To form a covered public space for theatre productions, the architects built a slatted-steel box, with angled sides and open ends, over a plaza sandwiched between two old structures. The volume faces a river and is connected to the opposite bank via a bridge made from the same material.

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Les Cols Restaurant Marquee, 2011, Olot, Girona, Spain

Swooping over this restaurant is a lightweight structure made from thin metal pipes, with translucent plastic stretched across the top. The canopy evokes the experience of dining al fresco, and extends beyond the enclosed space to protect those who are actually eating outside.

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Row House, 2012, Olot, Girona, Spain

When renovating this house in their home town, the architects exposed the underside of its tiled roof and concealed circulation on either side behind thin vertical louvres. In the central space – illuminated by a giant glass wall at the back – contemporary insertions form a sunken kitchen and dining level, with two separate mezzanines for lounging and sleeping above.

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La Cuisine Art Center, 2014, Nègrepelisse, France

Tucked inside the stone walls of a historic chateau, rooms made from steel and glass wrap around three sides of the building’s internal perimeter. These spaces host exhibitions, conferences and workshops dedicated to the art and design of food and cooking, and face a central courtyard that is used for larger events.

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Soulages Museum, 2014, Rodez, France
In collaboration with G Trégouët

Contemporary art exhibitions are housed within weathering-steel boxes that cantilever slightly from a small slope. The galleries are linked by glazed corridors and bridges, forming a route through the museum.

After receiving this prestigious honour, this Spanish firm along with these three leading architects shot to fame immediately in world of architecture.

(Images and information in this post are from the following source (also stated earlier): https://www.dezeen.com/2017/03/01/key-projects-pritzker-prize-laureates-rcr-arquitectes/.)

 

Warisan Merdeka development, where is the final design after such a long time?!!!

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 24, 2012 by vincentloy

It’s not a hot topic being put in discussion now anymore, because time dilutes the concern over the proposal of building Malaysia’s new tallest building. The proposal for Warisan Merdeka (Heritage of Independence) development which consists of a complex of mall, residences and an office skyscraper and estimated to costs around RM5 billion is announced to the media and supported by the nation’s prime minister, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak two years ago.

Last year, we get to know that the mega-project is to be funded by Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB), and the location of the complex would be at the empty area surrounding Stadium Negara and Stadium Merdeka, in which these two stadiums would be preserved as part of the development. Ahha…and the location is no stranger to me as I was passing by there everyday to my secondary school besides the area. You can see my school (Methodist Boys Secondary School Kuala Lumpur) just below the development zone outlined in the picture below.

(Picture above is from http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1239285&page=5)

There is no design released yet, but there are news that the tower is going to have over 100 floors and exceeding 500m, easily surpassing the current tallest buildings in Malaysia, the 452m Petronas Twin Towers. The status of the project was still under proposal, and the project is awarded to Fender Katsalidis, an architecture firm based in Melbourne, famous for designing the slim Eureka Tower, the tallest building in Australia to roof. Actually, I prefer a better or more experienced international architectural firm to take over this iconic project like Kohn Pederson Fox, Adrian Smith+Gordon Gill Architects, Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, or Cesar Pelli Architects (who designed the Petronas Twin Towers).

I hope there would be an outstanding design produced from the Fender Katsalidis firm for this Warisan Merdeka, which is still a tentative title for the building. This would be a challenge for the firm as this is the first supertall skyscraper project for them. The Eureka Tower they had previously designed is only less than 300m tall. Last year, they have hinted that the design would be crystalline-shaped and would reflects Islam as the main religion of the nation. Just a hint, and no design is revealed yet, while many in the forums discussing on the updates of the project are wondering how would that look like. Eureka Tower is shown below, a famous work by the architecture firm responsible for Warisan Merdeka development.

(Picture above is from http://blogs.harcourts.com.au/harcourtscityresidential/photos/)

Okay, here 2012 arrived. The construction is announced to start in mid 2012. Now is February 2012, and there are pictures showing that the earthwork preparation has begun on the site. The site has been cleared for construction to begin soon. Well, let’s hope it will be a good and quick and safe construction process from the start to the completion. But where is the design again! I believed the design has already been finalized, and should be revealed to the general public. Well…the public does not receive any further update of the development for such a long period of time already, to the point until people already stopped talking or caring about it anymore.

(Two pictures above are from http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1239285&page=5, believed to be taken more than a month ago)

Everything from the development are still kept at a very low profile as Malaysia is nearing its 13th general election. I guess that the project would continues and would receives much more hypes after the current government continues winning the upcoming general election, since majority of the opposition are against the project that is known to be a waste of money, while the current government under Barisan Nasional thinks that this iconic skyscraper would represent Malaysia as a further highly competitive nation in the world, rather than still sticking to the Petronas Twin Towers that have been built 14 years ago. So, it is proven that politics play a role in project this big.

I checked out a shocking fact from the skyscrapercity forum that someone has leaked some facts regarding the tower. It is mentioned there the building would have 118 floors and the height has been increased to 545 metres to the top of roof and that the final height to the tip of spire is about 613 metres high which the latter is included in calculation of a full building’s height just like the case of Petronas Twin Towers with the spires. So, Warisan Merdeka tower would reach well over 600 metres, and might have the opportunity to even beat the under-construction Shanghai Tower (check out my previous post for this tower’s superb construction progress). Warisan Merdeka Tower is believed to be still under pending approval by Kuala Lumpur City Hall. Below shows a design study model of the development, when it is still at the very beginning stage.

(Picture above is from http://malaysiansmustknowthetruth.blogspot.com/2010/10/100-storey-tallest-building-in-malaysia.html)

I think the expected year of completion of the tower would be delayed, probably a year or two from the earlier predicted year of completion which is on 2015. So, if nothing goes wrong in the project’s funding or in the government, then we would see a new tallest building in Malaysia towering above the sky of Kuala Lumpur by 2016 or 2017. The full complex would then be fully completed by 2020, which is the year envisioned for Malaysia to become a developed nation, and that this complex would be a proud symbol of that. But the vision of becoming a developed nation by 2020 is still almost impossible, looking at the current situation of Malaysia now….KL’s top sky-reachers; Petronas Twin Towers and Kuala Lumpur Tower in the picture below. Do we need another one?

(Picture above is from http://cyrildason.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/KLCC-and-KL-Tower.jpg)

I heard there is another project coming up, in Matrade zone, a zone further away from Kuala Lumpur’s highrises zone, and that supertall building would have over 100 floors too, and is expected to reach well over 500m. The Matrade Tower project is still under proposal, but it seems that I have already catch a glimpse of the design already. I think what I saw for that project is a real one…but where the hell then is the design for the much popular Warisan Merdeka development? The responsible authority, you are building such a tall skyscraper which would be among the five tallest buildings in the world once completed, and yet, you keep everything so secret and low-profile. Not only me, the public needs to see the design as well, to see whether it fits Malaysia’s context or not. Come on…it’s already time for the design to come out for the people to see, to admire or to criticize!

Update on the tower for Warisan Merdeka project

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 29, 2010 by vincentloy

A mega-scale project by PNB at the area nearby heritage places, Stadium Merdeka and Stadium Negara had been announced to the Parliament, the media, and to the general public. It received many positive as well as negative reviews from many parties since the news is released two months ago.

Here, there is an update to the skyscraper proposal of the project. The official name of the tower is yet to be announced later, and it is definitely not going to be named ‘Warisan Merdeka Tower’. This name isn’t international enough to bring Malaysia forward to global status, and is only used as starting name. The project goes on if the current government maintains, under the same Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Najib Razak after the upcoming general election which will be held next year.

A Melbourne architecture firm, Fender Katsalidis which had designed numerous buildings around the world like the Eureka Tower (tallest in Melbourne) had won the design tender recently to design on what will be the world second tallest tower, just behind the 828m Burj Khalifa. However, once the skyscraper is completed, there would be already several taller buildings have been built, mainly in China. However, this upcoming Malaysian skyscraper would definitely get a place in top 10 with over 580m height, and over 100 floors (must be at least over 120 floors to achieve such height). By the time, our current tallest buildings in Malaysia, Petronas Twin Towers would be out in top 10 ranking (currently in 5th and 6th place).

The cost of the new tower has not been finalised (it’s going to cost a lot), and detailed drawings are not yet available for approval and construction. The initial design is out, but changes can still be applied to that, to increase its suitability to be built in Malaysia, representing the nation as a developed nation in near future. The design is not released to public yet, but the firm hinted that the building would be a crystalline structure with a shape inspired by Islamic patterning. Again, Islamic patterns are used in design of buildings in Malaysia, just like Petronas Twin Towers.

Why can’t they get out of that and design something far better than just based on Islam motifs? Yes, it is beautiful, but please, we should not stick to that, we should go beyond that even in the design of the tower that would then represents Malaysia as an iconic landmark and symbol of the nation. One more point, I don’t think a crystalline building fits in Kuala Lumpur. This must be the first attempt to have a crystalline office building in the capital. It would be looking weird, but it would be nice on those angles, reflection, lightness and blurring with the sky. I always love such effects from crystalline-shaped buildings. Sustainability will also be another important issue for this new tower, as currently this topic is very hot and famous around the world for every major building projects.

It’s should be the time already to spread the news of the project to the world, as an action to let the world knows what’s going on good in Malaysia. We have not been through this for over 10 years, after the completion of the world tallest buildings at that time in 1998, the iconic Petronas Twin Towers. It’s time again, for another one. Spread this out, it’s a mega-scale project, a supertall skyscraper proposed in Kuala Lumpur. Let all people get noticed of it, and started to talk about it! Then, it would put Malaysia further on the global level!

Part of Kuala Lumpur’s skyline: (not my own picture)

Pritzker Prize 2010: SANAA

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on July 18, 2010 by vincentloy

Have you heard of SANAA? It is an architectural firm based in Tokyo, Japan which stands for Sejima and Nishizawa and Associates. It was founded in 1995 by Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa. These two architects had their greatest achievement this year as they are honoured with world premier architecture prize, Pritzker Prize 2010.

Often referred to the ‘Nobel Prize of Architecture’, this prize is awarded every year to a living architect whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built environment through the art of architecture. We have seen many famous international architects winning this, Sir James Stirling (1981), Ieoh Ming Pei (1983), Richard Meier (1984), Kenzo Tange (1987), Frank Gehry (1989), Robert Venturi (1991), Tadao Ando (1995), Renzo Piano (1998), Norman Foster (1999), Rem Koolhaas (2000), Herzog and de Meuron (2001), Glenn Murcutt (2002), Zaha Hadid (2004), Jean Nouvel (2008), Peter Zumthor (2009)….and some others in other years…

Congratulation to SANAA for being honoured with this award. I wish myself can be awarded with this prize too in near future! The prize also marks the contribution of the architect to the built environment that involves mainly architecture. I do not know about both winning architects before they are awarded with Pritzker Prize. After they are awarded, then they become famous…this is another advantage of the award.

Their works can be summarized as:

‘architecture that is simultaneously delicate and powerful, precise and fluid, ingenious but not overly or overtly clever’

This section below shows the jury citation of the winning architects, that provide description of the characteristics of architecture produced by SANAA and some famous examples of their brilliant works:

(taken from http://www.pritzkerprize.com/laureates/2010/jury.html)

For more than 15 years, architects Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa have worked together in their collaborative partnership, SANAA, where it is virtually impossible to untangle which individual is responsible for what aspect of a particular project. Each building is ultimately a work that comes from the union of their two minds. Together they have produced major commissions, such as the O-Museum in Nagano and the 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art in Kanazawa (both in Japan), the Glass Pavilion at the Toledo Museum (Ohio), De Kunstline Theater and Cultural Center (Almere, the Netherlands), the New Museum of Contemporary Art (New York, NY), and the recent Rolex Learning Center (Lausanne, Switzerland).

The buildings by Sejima and Nishizawa seem deceptively simple. The architects hold a vision of a building as a seamless whole, where the physical presence retreats and forms a sensuous background for people, objects, activities, and landscapes. They explore like few others the phenomenal properties of continuous space, lightness, transparency, and materiality to create a subtle synthesis. Sejima and Nishizawa’s architecture stands in direct contrast with the bombastic and rhetorical. Instead, they seek the essential qualities of architecture that result in a much-appreciated straightforwardness, economy of means, and restraint in their work.

This economy of means, however, does not become a simple reductive operation in the architects’ hands. Instead, it is an intense and rigorous investigation anchored in hard work and steely determination. It is a constant process of refinement, where each client’s program is fully investigated and multiple design possibilities are explored through numerous drawings and models that check every alternative. Ideas are considered and discarded, reconsidered and reworked until only the essential qualities of a design remain. The result is a deft union of structure and organization, of logical purpose and precise beauty.

It may be tempting to view Sejima and Nishizawa’s refined compositions of lightness and transparency as elitist or rarefied. Their aesthetic, however, is one of inclusion. Their approach is fresh, always offering new possibilities within the normal constraints of an architectural project as it systematically takes the next step. They use common, everyday materials while remaining attuned to the possibilities of contemporary technology; their understanding of space does not reproduce conventional models. They often opt for non-hierarchical spaces, or in their own words, the “equivalence of spaces,” creating unpretentious, democratic buildings according to the task and budget at hand.

 One example is the Almere project in the Netherlands, with its many simple classrooms and workshops, all presenting privileged views of the sea. Another example is the Rolex Learning Centre in Lausanne, a space to be used by students day and night. Sejima and Nishizawa originally conceived it as a multi-story building, but, in the course of their deliberation, it became a single yet vast, flowing space. The building’s many spaces (library, restaurant, exhibition areas, offices, etc.) are differentiated not by walls but by undulations of a continuous floor, which rises and falls to accommodate the different uses, while allowing vistas across this internal “landscape for people.”

The relation of the building to its context is of utmost importance to Sejima and Nishizawa. They have called public buildings “mountains in the landscape,” believing that they should never lose the natural and meaningful connection with their surroundings. The New Museum in New York feels at home in the rough Bowery area of the city. Their glass-enclosed museums, such as the Glass Pavilion at the Toledo Museum of Art in Ohio, blur the borders between inside and out, providing direct and changing views to the surroundings.

While Sejima and Nishizawa have not published theoretical treatises to date, they are cerebral architects, whose work is based on rigorous investigation and guided by strong and clearly defined concepts. The appointment of Kazuyo Sejima as the director of the 2010 Venice Architecture Biennale is a tribute to this.

For architecture that is simultaneously delicate and powerful, precise and fluid, ingenious but not overly or overtly clever; for the creation of buildings that successfully interact with their contexts and the activities they contain, creating a sense of fullness and experiential richness; for a singular architectural language that springs from a collaborative process that is both unique and inspirational; for their notable completed buildings and the promise of new projects together, Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa are the recipients of the 2010 Pritzker Architecture Prize.

[All the pictures of the works by SANAA are from http://www.pritzkerprize.com/laureates/2010/works.html]

[All info in reference to the main website: http://www.pritzkerprize.com/index.html]

You may refer to that for more info. Who will be winning for 2011 then?

The amazing Shanghai Tower

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 19, 2009 by vincentloy

the upcoming supertall skyscraper, the current second world tallest building that is under construction (just behind the 818m Burj Dubai), is going to be at the famous Lujiazui District, Pudong of Shanghai, China

Shanghai is seen as the most futuristic city in whole China, with superb economic growth and boom, not to mention the country of China that is one of the super nation in the Earth, with great economic development, especially in cities like Shanghai, Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Beijing, Chongqing, Tianjin, etc.

The Shanghai Tower or called as the Shanghai Center will be located right beside the famous Shanghai World Financial Center (current second world tallest completed building, 492m) and Jin Mao Tower (421m), in the area straight axis to the Oriental Pearl Tower (468m).

The tower will be 632m (2073 feet) high with 128 floors. The design is to be based on modernism, sustainability and appropriateness of the form to the built environment of the city.

Construction is now on-going, not affected by recent global economic downturn, and foundation work is started earlier, right after the Shanghai World Financial Center is opened to public, showing;

“One skyscraper completed, another one is going up, in a continuous way, in a city like this, Shanghai.”

The final design of the building will be this: by Marshall Strabala from Gensler. (architecture firm)

shanghai_tower_pirages281108_0

Famous architecture companies all around the world and even from local submitted numerous designs for the client and government to approve…

and finally, final design is out and construction began…there are so many different and awesome designs from famous architects, and so, the competition is really great!

Here, are the pictures of different designs for competition of design of Shanghai Tower submitted by different architectural companies all around the world…

By Skidmore, Owings and Merill:

By Kohn Pederson Fox:

Norman Foster:

Gensler:

Various designs by China architects:

(This is pretty bad, who designed such thing here?)

another picture of the design above:

the picture and the design above are great! really awesome and fantastic!

another view of the same design:

so many pictures of great renderings by experts of architects…

What the architect, Marshall Strabala said about the sustainability of the building:

The top of the office building will have a wind farm of 54 vertical-axis wind turbines generating 540,000 kwh of electricity per year—enough to power up to 400 homes. There will also be systems to collect rainwater and condensation. These and other sustainability elements will be computer-controlled and linked through a variety of enterprise and application software that will be controlled by the building’s owner, Shanghai Tower & Construction.

The winning design is chosen in June 2008. The groundbreaking was held on 29th November 2008 and the construction is to be completed in year 2014. (Long way to go, so just wait!)

Design

The design is to be like a coiled dragon, based on the designer.

The tower will be organized as nine cylindrical buildings stacked atop each other, enclosed by the glass façade’s inner layer. Between that and the outer layer, which twists as it rises, nine indoor gardens at different levels will provide public space for Shanghai residents. Both layers of the façade will be transparent, and retail and event spaces will be provided at the tower’s base. The tower will feature the world’s highest non-enclosed observation deck.

Director of Design Marshall Strabala of Gensler told E-Architect.co.uk architectural news website that Shanghai Tower will represent “China’s dynamic future.” “It will be an impressive building where China looks ahead to both the future of this bustling and ever-changing metropolis, but also to the future of the dynamic Chinese spirit. There will be no other such unique and well-conceived tower in the world,” said Strabala.

Sustainability

The design of the glass façade is described to be able to reduce wind loads on the building by 24%, meaning less construction materials are needed, and the twisting feature will collect rainwater to be used for the tower’s air conditioning and heating systems. Wind turbines will generate power for the building. According to E-Architect.co.uk, it will be the first super-tall (300 meters or taller) double-skin building in the world, acting much like a “thermos bottle,” says Strabala, to insulate it and save energy.

The owners of the future Shanghai Tower hope to be awarded certifications from the China Green Building Committee and the U.S. Green Building Council for the building’s sustainable design.

More info here:

Site
Location: Luijiazui Finance and Trade Zone, Pudong district, Shanghai, China
Area: 30,370 square meters

Tower
Height: 632 meters
Stories: 128 occupied floors
Area: 380,000 square meters above grade 170,000 square meters below grade
Program: Office, luxury hotel, entertainment, retail and cultural venues

Podium
Height: 38 meters
Stories: 5 stories high
Area: 44,000 square meters
Program: Luxury retail, office, hotel lobbies, bank, restaurant, conference, meeting and banquet functions. Lower levels will house retail, parking, service and MEP functions.

Site and Context
• Shanghai Tower is sited in the Luijiazui Finance and Trade Zone of Pudong, a major financial and commercial hub of China. Eighteen years ago, Luijiazui was predominantly farmland. Today, it is set to become a premiere global financial center.
• Shanghai Tower completes a trio of buildings that form China’s first super-tall district. While the Jin Mao Tower pays homage to China’s past and the Shanghai World Financial Center signifies China’s recent economic success, Shanghai Tower signifies the boundless possibilities of China’s future.
• The tower is situated in a public park with an open civic plaza.

Tower Composition
• As a new Shanghai skyline icon, Shanghai Tower presents a constantly changing façade from all directions.
• The building’s form is a metaphor for the spirit and philosophy of China. Referencing the spiral as a symbol of the cosmos in Chinese culture, the tower’s form symbolizes China’s connection with the world, space and time. Additionally, the tower’s triangular plan relates to the site’s harmonious trio of buildings.
• Shanghai Tower is organized internally as a series of nine cylindrical buildings stacked one atop the other, with nine atria encircling them. The inner layer of the tower’s doubleskin façade encloses the vertically arranged interior buildings, while a triangular exterior layer creates the second skin or building envelope. The spaces between the building’s external façade and its internal façade create the atria.
• With sky gardens lining the building’s perimeter, Shanghai Tower is literally wrapped in public spaces. Both interior and exterior skins are transparent, establishing a visual connection between the tower’s interior spaces and Shanghai’s urban fabric. At night the building’s glowing translucent form further joins city and tower.
• As plazas and civic squares create gathering spaces in traditional cities, the nine atria offer gathering spaces within Shanghai Tower.
• On the ground level, retail and event spaces in tandem with abundant entrances on the site further the physical and visual connections between the tower and city.

Sustainable Highlights
• The twisting, asymmetrical shape of the tower reduces wind loads on the building by 24 percent, reducing the structural load on the building.
• Innovative skin technology is one of many sustainable design and renewable energy systems in the tower. The circular inner glass skin uses 14 percent less glass than a square building of the same area, and minimizes energy consumption.
• The double–skin façade’s vertical atria create thermal buffer zones. It also improves indoor air quality while creating desirable places for people to linger. These public amenity floors also reduce the number of vertical trips each building occupant mustmake.
• The building’s spiraling parapet collects rainwater, which is used for the tower’s heating and air conditioning systems. The spiral shape facilitates vortex shedding and creates an asymmetrical surface to reduce wind loads on the building. Wind turbines located directly beneath the parapet generate on-site power.
• Shanghai Tower’s owners aim to register for a high level of building certification from the China Green Building Committee and the US Green Building Council.

Retail Podium
• The retail podium is a multi-story, luxury retail experience that incorporates an ambitious mix of premium luxury brand fl agships, one-of-a-kind specialty retailers, and high-concept dining.
• The dynamic metropolitan feel of the retail podium is designed to enhance the experiential quality for a mix of visitors, tourists and tower inhabitants. Upscale retail facilities, restaurants, cafés and bars combine to provide the ultimate urban leisure destination in Shanghai.
• Acting as a weather barrier, the curved podium façade is glazed to merge inside with outside, allowing daylight to penetrate the space and to form a connection between the approaching visitor to the Shanghai Tower and the stores and restaurants within it.
• A series of multi-level branded retail stores located on the ground level offer uninterrupted visibility from the exterior to their storefronts. Lower-level retail provides direct access from the street level and the mass transit promenade.

Tower Pinnacle
• The tower’s pinnacle features the world’s highest non-enclosed observation deck.

Global Collaboration
• The core Shanghai Tower design team is located in Gensler’s Shanghai office and includes more than 80 design professionals from Shanghai and abroad.
• To design an innovative tower that met the client’s sustainability and performance goals, Gensler called on talent from its global network, including the firm’s offices in Shanghai, Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, New York, Washington D.C. and San Francisco.

The construction site: (all three supertalls next to each other, great idea)

The plan of the three supertalls:

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Design development:

The detail interior and exterior:

 

Finally,

A new cool video from Gensler (the architecture firm) on the tower:

The recent situation of the construction site:

For more info regarding the updates on the tower especially on its construction, can go to www.skyscraperpage.com and go to its supertall constructions forum.

Do you like this building? It’s architecture, it’s design, it’s sustainability concepts, it’s location, it’s main idea, it’s form, or even it’s height? Feel free to reply here too…

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Fantastic Stadiums from Herzog & de Meuron

Posted in Architectural Territory with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 15, 2009 by vincentloy

anybody knew the famous Swiss architecture firm called as Herzog and de Meuron. These two principal architects are Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron.

In 2001, they were awarded with Pritzker Prize, the highest of honors in architecture.

They are very excellent especially in designing stadiums, notably the Beijing National Stadium, the stadium which organized the opening and closing ceremonies of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games successfully….the stadium is now a landmark, a symbol of Chinese modernism, and a masterpiece of architecture…

With the seating of 80 000, this remarkable stadium is nicknamed as Bird Nest due to its distinctive design.

 

More info regarding the architecture of this stadium, please refer to my previous post on this stadium…

Besides than the stadium which was built in 2008, here is another stadium built in 2005 not to be forgotten. This stadium is called as Allianz Arena which is located at Munich, Germany.

With the seatings of 66 000, it is the first stadium in the world that has a full changing colours outside.

This is why I like the stadiums designed by Herzog and de Meuron.