KL crossed a milestone by having 20 buildings in the city each exceeding 200 metres high.

Not many cities in this world could have over 20 buildings that are each at least 200 metres high respectively. To make it into that list, I can only think of some mega cities like New York, Hong Kong, Chicago, Shanghai, Dubai, Tokyo, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Chongqing. And by 2016, my home-city, Kuala Lumpur will become the 10th city in the world to join the list with exactly 20 buildings that are each over 200 metres high in the capital of Malaysia.


Yes, till 2016, only 10 cities crossed over this milestone and I’m quite excited that KL is part of it. We also love to build tall here in Kuala Lumpur, a trend that is particularly popular in rising cities in China as well as in Dubai nowadays. Having a lot of tall buildings in the city helps to create more city landmarks as well as enhancing the overall skyline. This also provides an ideal solution to short amount of land for development especially in dense urban areas.

Here below is the list of the current top 20 tallest buildings in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia that includes the architecturally topped-out buildings, but not including television or sightseeing towers. You can see the building in the 20th place hit the 200-metres mark precisely to help push the city to join the 10-city club as mentioned above.

1 & 2 – Petronas Twin Towers (452 metres, 88 floors each, built in 1998, former world’s tallest buildings and current world’s tallest twin buildings)


3 – Telekom Tower (310 metres, 55 floors, built in 2001)


4 – Ilham Baru Tower (274 metres, 60 floors, built in 2015)


5 – Petronas Tower 3 (267 metres, 60 floors, built in 2012)


6 – Maybank Tower (244 metres, 50 floors, built in 1988, former city’s tallest building)


7 – Banyan Tree Signatures (240 metres, 55 floors, architecturally topped-out)


8 – Vista Tower (238 metres, 60 floors, built in 1994)


9 – Vortex Tower (235 metres, 58 floors, architecturally topped-out)


10 – Felda Tower (216 metres, 50 floors, built in 2012)


11 – Naza Tower 1 (216 metres, 50 floors, built in 2015)


12 – Maxis Tower (212 metres, 49 floors, built in 1998)


13 – AmBank Tower (210 metres, 50 floors, built in 1998)


14 – St. Regis Hotel & Residences (205 metres, 48 floors, architecturally topped-out)


15 – The Troika Tower 3 (204 metres, 50 floors, built in 2010, tallest city’s full residential building)


16 & 17 – Berjaya Times Square Tower A & B (203 metres, 48 floors each, built in 2003)


18 – K Residence (202 metres, 52 floors, built in 2008)


19 – Lot G Office Towers (200 metres, 45 floors, built in 2013)


20 – Le Nouvel Tower 1 (200 metres, 49 floors, architecturally topped-out)


There are actually several high-rise buildings completed recently along KL Sentral region of which their height would be around 190 metres to 200 metres respectively. However, there isn’t a formal database to confirm on this. Some also speculated that the Le Nouvel Tower 1 (the 20th tallest) is actually 199 metres tall, and not 200 metres. Well, there is only a 1 metre difference..so let’s just get over it. In few more years, there would be several more much taller buildings to be constructed in the city, particularly the city’s next tallest building, the PNB 118 Tower that will go beyond 600-metres mark once built.

(Information above is correct as of April 2016. Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)


20 of the World’s Best Building Images.

Arcaid, the leading global image, stock photography resource for all aspects of architecture, interiors and design has shortlisted 20 of the year’s best architectural images for their 2015 awards – the annual Arcaid Images Architectural Photography Awards. The images will be presented in four categories – Exteriors, Interiors, Sense of Place, and Building in Use – and judged by an esteemed panel on their atmospheric quality, composition, use of scale and more. The winners will be considered for the Photographer of the Year Award.

The photographs will be showcased at World Architecture Festival 4-6 November at Marina Bay Sands, Singapore, where the overall winner will be announced. The all 20 finalist images were shown here and I will try to be the judge of my own and analyse thoroughly which images are better, overwhelming and thought-provoking in the architectural field. After each image, I will list down my points out of 10 after a careful observations and analysis of my own (haha…so called acting like a professional judge…it’s actually cool to be a judge where you can decide the winner).

Okay…without wasting any more time, here’s the captivating 20 finalist images followed by a little background below:


Building : JBR Beachside, residential buildings and public beach
Category : Sense of Place
Place and Country : Dubai – United Arab Emirates
Photographer : Ieva Saudargaite
Architect : Wimberly Allison Tong & Goo (WATG)

My points: 7.1 (The buildings at the back are too dull-looking but I do know that the photographer is emphasizing it actually in contrast to the vibrant beach activities in front)


Building : Parque Natural do Fogo
Category : Sense of Place
Place and Country : Ilha do Fogo – Cabo Verde
Photographer : Fernando Guerra
Architect : OTO Arquitectos

My points: 7.4 (The building blurs into the landscape but the striking light brings the building out back. What’s that light anyway?)


Building : De Rotterdam
Category : Sense of Place
Place and Country : Rotterdam – The Netherlands
Photographer : Ryan Koopmans
Architect : Rem Koolhaas OMA

My points: 7.3 (This photo is at right timing with the cargo ship directly in front of the building which is shown at an angle presenting its front elevation at its best)


Building : Bethel Secondary School
Category : Sense of Place
Place and Country : Gourcy – Burkina Faso
Photographer : Grant Smith
Architect : Article 25.

My points: 7.1 (Highlighting the poor people who deserved functional vernacular architecture shown at the back but I can’t really admire this image as the building is more like a supporting role here)


Building : Kandalama Hotel
Category : Sense of Place
Place and Country : Dambulla – Sri Lanka
Photographer : Tom Roe
Architect : Geoffrey Bawa

My points: 7.8 (The distinction between the landscape and the building is very well displayed. It also shows how well man-made structure lives in seamless harmony with the nature)


Building : Living-Garden House
Category : Interiors
Place and Country : Katowice – Poland
Photographer : Inigo Bujedo Aguirre
Architect : KWK PROMES Robert Konieczny

My points: 7.8 (Many different elements of a small house that comes together beautifully in this shot. A neat image)



Building : Tranfor
Category : Interiors
Place and Country : Torres Vedras – Portugal
Photographer : Fernando Guerra
Architect : Pedro Gadanho + CVDB

My points: 7.9 (A very simple yet poetic image. It gives a varying sense of mood in two different spaces)


Building : Refugi dil fieu
Category : Interiors
Place and Country : Flims – Switzerland
Photographer : Mads Mogenson
Architect : AAM Architektin

My points: 7.6 (A very hard image soften by the small fireplace that gives the only energetic colour in this picture)


Building : Long Museum West Bund
Category : Interiors
Place and Country : Shanghai – China
Photographer : Su Shengliang
Architect : Atelier Deshaus

My points: 8.0 (A fantastic angle with one colour domination)


Building : The Leadenhall Building
Category : Interiors
Place and Country : London – England
Photographer : Mark Gorton, Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners

My points: 8.0 (Striking and seems infiltrating, giving a sense of illusion)


Building : Philharmonic Hall
Category : Exteriors
Place and Country : Szczecin – Poland
Photographer : Laurian Ghinitoiu
Architect : Estudio Barozzi & Veiga

My points: 7.3 (A white building that you may think it is small. But when you see the person in front with the contrasting red shirt, you will notice the scale expression of this image)


Building : Gold Coast Aquatic Centre
Category : Exteriors
Place and Country : Gold Coast, Queensland – Australia
Photographer : Christopher Frederick Jones
Architect : Cox Rayner Architects

My points: 7.5 (Highlighting the complexion of the diving structure between the building and the pool)


Building : Universite Ibn Zohr de Laayoune
Category : Exteriors
Place and Country : Laayoune – Morocco
Photographer : Doublespace (Amanda Large & Younes Bounhar)
Architect : Regroupement d’Architectes El Kabbaj

My points: 7.6 (Simple but strong, thanks to the strength of the colour)


Building : Long Museum West Bund
Category : Exteriors
Place and Country : Shanghai, – China
Photographer : Su Shengliang
Architect : Atelier Deshaus

My points: 8.0 (Another shot taken from a perfect angle highlighting building of the early modernism style with depths)


Building : Bethel Secondary School
Category : Exteriors
Place and Country : Gourcy – Burkina Faso
Photographer : Grant Smith
Architect : Article 25

My points: 7.5 (the shadows, the emphasize on closer look to the bricks and the photography effects makes it a quiet standout)


Building : Yick Cheong Building
Category : Buildings In Use
Place and Country : Quarry Bay – Hong Kong
Photographer : Tan Lingfrei
Architect : Public housing development

My points: 7.8 (the dense and the messiness balanced with the plain clear sky in the middle)


Building : Nudgee College
Category : Buildings In Use
Place and Country : Brisbane, Queensland – Australia
Photographer : Christopher Frederick Jones
Architect : M3 Architecture

My points: 7.9 (It highlights the building complex, the canopy, the field as well as the people with not going overboard in showcasing any of them)


Building : Parque Natural do Fogo
Category : Buildings In Use
Place and Country : Cape Verde
Photographer : Fernando Guerra
Architect : OTO Arquitectos

My points: 7.7 (A statement-built building with tourists at the back…well, the locals in contrasting red-coloured clothings shall be the focus and not the tourists. That’s what I can see from this image, a cultural statement there)


Building : EPFL Quartier Nord
Category : Buildings In Use
Place and Country : Ecublens – Switzerland
Photographer : Fernando Guerra
Architect : Richter Dahl Rocha & Associés

My points: 8.1 (Busy yet beautiful. People’s circulation along the corridors in front of the multi-coloured facade of the building elevates the image to another level. It’s hard for me to choose the best from this 20 pictures but so far based on my view, this one above is the best of all. Well, different people has different opinions. What’s your selection?)


Building : 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art
Category : Buildings In Use
Place and Country : Kanazawa – Japan
Photographer : Jeremie Souteyrat
Architect : SANAA

My points: 7.4 (It’s nice to see interaction between people and the building is captured in this one. Engaging)

Let’s wait till next month at the annual World Architecture Festival in Singapore to see which image will win in the end. Some photographs are really subtle and wonderful while some also is kind of moderate based on my personal opinion. Anyway, huge credits to the photographers mentioned above who contributed such fascinating images related to architecture. I myself also like to take photographs of buildings and I do have some great images of my own. Maybe I can share them in my blog here in soon too.

(Information and images in this post are from the following source: http://www.archdaily.com/774864/20-of-the-worlds-best-building-images-shortlisted-for-arcaid-awards-2015)

Milo Breakfast Day Run 2014

I think this is my first time joining a marathon. I got persuaded by my sister to join her for a family run on Milo Breakfast Day Run 2014 at Putrajaya this morning on 20th April. And for that, I have to get myself up from the bed on 5.30am. That’s a very hard and a suffering task. I have never been waking up this early for a long time already. The sun hasn’t even rises yet. Luckily we managed to reach there right on time by 7am (the time when the run is supposed to commence) after having difficulty of finding parking. And the run only began after 7.30am.


There were a lot of people, and all (almost everyone) were in green, wearing the Milo-brand shirt given before the run after each participants registered. There were two categories in the run. The first one is 7km long. My brother-in-law joined that and he won a medal since he finished off the run in less than 1 hour and 30 minutes which is the requirement for a medal. My cousin also won that since she is quite experienced in running for marathon too. It shouldn’t be hard for me too but I didn’t take part in this category as I have to accompany my sister and her two sons for the family run category which only covers 3km.


From this marathon, I got to see how the big-scale run looks like. I got to see people of all walks of life gathering together for a run or simply a walk. Group of friends, family with children or even babies, couples, elders, etc. Before the run began and when everyone is going to the start point, I was amazed by when everyone stopped while the national song is played. I’m glad I still see sign of unity, respect and love to the country. It’s an overwhelming scene eventhough nobody is actually singing it. I won’t too. At the start point, people basically couldn’t run as there were really too many people.

This run also gave me opportunity to enjoy looking at the architecture of many government buildings there since it took place at the main road in Putrajaya (the one that started from Prime Minister’s Office to Putrajaya International Convention Centre but our run actually starts at Perbadanan Putrajaya Building opposite the Palace of Justice). First time I passed by the few new highrises built there and I find that those highrises didn’t fit the setting there well despite carrying a bit of modern Islamic design characteristics. And most importantly, I can sweat out and gets a bit healthy from this run. I didn’t actually run. Just walk for the whole 3km since I have to look after my sister’s son along the route.

But that is still quite tiring. The run ended by receiving a goodie bag and we have to wait a very long queue just to get a cup of Milo to drink. Milo trucks were everywhere but all with long queues too. There were a lot of tents set up around there for activities and sale of food and drinks. But since we were all tired, we left early. It’s quite a wonderful experience as this is my first time joining a marathon. Next time, I think I’m going for a real marathon (maybe maximum 10 km long as I know my limit) but the only worry is that I don’t want to wake up so early. Haha…okay, now I need to have an afternoon nap. Bye…

World’s most famous landmarks?

The world we lived in has been much more amazing due to presence of many impressive and beautiful structures human beings had ever build. These structures which are easily recognizable worldwide are regarded as landmarks and each is usually made an icon or symbol of the respective country where it is located. Some of them had been here for at least few thousand years, while some that made it to this kind of recognition have only been built not long ago and yet still reached out to immense global fame.


I believe everyone had their own list of world’s most famous landmarks. It’s quite subjective. It depends on every individual’s different background and their level of exposure to the world. But the landmarks that I’m going to list down here would most probably make it to your list too. Here listed is my top 10 list of world’s most famous landmarks.

1. Eiffel Tower, Paris, France. *

2. Great Pyramid of Giza, Cairo, Egypt.

3. Statue of Liberty, New York, United States of America.

4. Empire State Building, New York, United States of America.

5. Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, United States of America.

6. Sydney Opera House, Sydney, Australia.

7. Big Ben Tower, London, United Kingdom. *

8. Great Wall of China, China. *

9. Leaning Tower of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. *

10. Taj Mahal, India. *

Out of the 10 places listed above, I have visited 5 (the one I bookmarked). Half. Not bad. I love to travel overseas as there are too many exciting and interesting new things out there for me to discover, experience and enjoy. The remaining 5 would be my top priority whenever I had the opportunity to make decision on where to go for oversea trip in future. There are still 10 structures in my mind that could make it to the list;

11. Angkor Wat, Cambodia. *

12. Forbidden City, Beijing, China. *

13. Burj Khalifa, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. *

14. Acropolis, Athens, Greece.

15. Stonehenge, Wiltshire, United Kingdom.

16. Colosseum, Rome, Italy. *

17. Statue of Christ, The Redeemer.

18. London Bridge Tower, London, United Kingdom. *

19. White House, Washington, United States of America.

20. Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. *


Same. The ones bookmarked are landmarks that I have visited. Maybe for Burj Khalifa, it’s not counted because I only managed to see it from far (viewing it from the airport during transfer flight). Of course, the last on the list is something I see everyday, as it’s only few kilometres away from my home. I have to say the Petronas Twin Towers’ impressive architecture really make it stands out among many other skyscrapers in the world. Another ten (it seems I couldn’t stop); Hollywood sign (Los Angeles, USA), St. Peter’s Basilica (Vatican City), Buckingham Palace (London, UK), CN Tower (Toronto, Canada), Chrysler Building (New York, USA), Beijing Bational Stadium (Beijing, China), Burj al Arab (Dubai, UAE), Mount Rushmore National Memorial (South Dakota, USA), Arch de Triomphe (Paris, France), Bank of China Tower (Hong Kong, China). These landmarks I mentioned here would usually be having a lot of their replicas built particularly in theme parks too. It is because they are easily identifiable. Landmarks, man!

(Images in this post are from various sources throughout the world wide web)

20 Interesting Facts on Supertall Skyscrapers

1. “Skyscraper” originally was a nautical term referring to a small triangular sail set above the skysail on a sailing ship. It is first applied to buildings of steel frame construction in late 19th century where building highrises began.

2. Supertall skyscraper is defined as a functional and habitable building with height over 300 m, as the number of buildings exceeding such height is considered very low around the world. The change to the height from 300 m to a number much higher (like 400 m) to be placed in ‘supertall’ category would be suggested in near future when more and more supertall skyscrapers are being built.

3. Burj Khalifa which is the current world tallest completed building stands at a height of 828m, which is almost double of the minimum height for a specific building to be placed into top 10 world tallest buildings’ list. (current 10th place goes to Trump International Hotel and Tower at a height of 423m)

4. Despite Burj Khalifa is the tallest building, Shanghai World Financial Center still hold the record of world tallest observation deck at a height of over 470m at 100th floor. Burj Khalifa just took the title of world tallest OUTDOOR observation deck at a height of 452m at 124th floor.

5. Petronas Twin Towers at the height of 452m are still the current world tallest twin buildings despite losing the title of world’s tallest building over 8 years ago to Taipei 101.

6. Taipei 101 stands at a height of 508m, is the first building in the world to reach over 500m, half a kilometre mark, which also becomes the world tallest building from 2003 till 2009, being overtaken by Burj Khalifa.

7. Ten years ago, there are only 4 buildings in the world that measure over 400m. Currently, including the topped out buildings, there is a total of 12 buildings exceeding that height. So, probably ten years later, the number could easily be over 30.

8. Empire State Building took only 410 days (less than 14 months) to build, back over 80 years ago, in 1930s as the world tallest building at a height of 381m. That is the fastest record of construction for a building with such a height and in that particular time when technology and height are the major resistances.

9. Ten years ago, there are only 26 skyscrapers known to be supertall (exceeding 300m). Now, the number is even more than double; 54 with mainly new buildings coming up from Asia (China and Dubai particularly). ‘Rise of the East’.

10. There are only 4 cities in the world with more than 5 buildings exceeding 300m (supertall skyscrapers). The cities are Dubai, Hong Kong, Chicago and New York City.

11. Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the city with the most supertall skyscrapers with minimum of 10 buildings in the category. The record would be remained for a long time due to rapid construction activities in Dubai.

12. The first building in history that exceeds 300m (to be called as supertall skyscraper) is Chrysler Building which stands at a height of 319m and is built in 1930, over 80 years ago.

13. The current world tallest concrete building is Trump International Hotel and Tower at Chicago which stands at a height of 423m including its spire, defeating the previous title holder, CITIC Plaza at Guangzhou which is only at 391m.

14. There are currently less than 10 completed buildings around the world with over 100 floors. (To be exact, only 9).

15. The official list in measuring building’s height is based on the measurement to the highest architectural detail that includes spire but not antenna. This is why Petronas Twin Towers obtained the title of world tallest buildings from Sears Tower (now renamed Willis Tower) back in 1997. Willis Tower at that time is still the tallest to top of roof, tallest to top of antenna, and tallest to highest occupied floor.

16. Burj Khalifa does not only hold the record of world tallest building, but also several many others especially the world tallest man made structure.

17. The Western world had hold the record of world tallest building for over a century (since the introduction of steel frame construction that enable highrises), until it is being taken by Asia beginning 1998, and until 2009 by Middle East.

18. The Shard is currently an under-construction building which will be the tallest in European Union with a height of only 310m, the first one in the region to be called as ‘supertall skyscraper’.

19. There are a total of 7 all-hotel buildings which exceed 300m, of which the top 6 tallest are all in Dubai, with the last one at a height of 304m, located at Bangkok, Thailand called as Baiyoke Tower 2.

20. The first building in history that has over 100 floors is Empire State Building, which has a total of 102 floors, built in 1931.

(All the information above may and will vary/change as time progresses…but as of July 2011, the data is correct).